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Northern Mole Vole Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Genus: Ellobius Species: E. talpinus Binomial name Ellobius talpinus (Pallas, 1770) Synonyms E. ciscaucasicus Sviridenko, 1936 E. murinus Pallas, 1770 E. rufescens Eversmann, 1850 E. tanaiticus Zubko, 1940 E. transcaspiae Thomas, 1912[2] Mus talpinus, Pallas Spalax murinus, Pallas Georychus rufescens, Eversmann[3] The northern mole vole (Ellobius talpinus) is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is distributed over large parts of Eastern Europe and Asia. Contents 1 Distribution 2 Morphology 3 Biology 4 Ecology 5 References Distribution This vole is found in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine, the southern parts of Russia, western Siberia, northern Afghanistan, Mongolia and northern China.[4] Morphology Northern mole voles are small mammals about 130 millimetres long with a short tail, weighing up to seventy grams. The females are slightly larger than the males. The body is wedge-shaped, the head flat, the neck short and the musculature of the fore-limbs strongly developed. They have short dense brownish fur somewhat paler on the underparts. The feet are naked and pink. They are adapted to life underground, digging their burrows with the help of their large incisors.[4] Biology The northern mole vole is diurnal and active all day. There is a decrease in activity during periods of drought and in the winter but there is no true hibernation period.[4] A study undertaken in 2001 found that the vole's adaptation to the extremes of the continental climate is based on distinct seasonal variations of thermoregulation.[5] The gestation period lasts three weeks and there may be three or four litters a year, with two to four young voles in each. These grow rapidly and are sexually mature at the age of six weeks.[4] Ecology This vole is a colonial species, living in groups of about ten individuals, typically a family group of one pair of adults and young animals from one or two litters. The burrows are complex, the entrances are usually sealed by soil and the nesting chambers and fodder chambers are usually about four metres beneath the surface.[6] The animals feed on roots, bulbs, tubers and the juicy rhizomes of plants, and in the summer and autumn they store small stocks of food.[4] They seldom emerge onto the surface except to distribute soil excavated from the burrow or to move to new territories, at which times they can cover distances of up to 800 metres.[6] The population size varies being limited by infectious diseases, parasites, severe winters with deep-frozen ground, spring flooding of burrows by melt water and predatory birds and mammals.[4] References ^ Tsytsulina, K. & Zagorodnyuk, I. (2008). Ellobius talpinus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 24 May 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern. ^ Mammal Species of the World ^ http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=13000206 ^ a b c d e f AgroAtlas ^ Seasonal changes of thermoregulation in the mole vole Ellobius talpinus ^ a b IUCN Red Book Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. pp. 894–1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. v · d · eExtant species of subfamily Arvicolinae Kingdom: Animalia · Phylum: Chordata · Class: Mammalia · Infraclass: Eutheria · Superorder: Euarchontoglires · Order: Rodentia · Family: Cricetidae Arvicolini Arvicola (Water voles) European Water Vole (A. amphibius) · Southwestern Water Vole (A. sapidus) · Montane Water Vole (A. scherman) Blanfordimys Afghan Vole (B. afghanus) · Bucharian Vole (B. bucharicus) Chionomys (Snow voles) Caucasian Snow Vole (C. gud) · European Snow Vole (C. nivalis) · Robert's Snow Vole (C. roberti) Lasiopodomys Brandt's Vole (L. brandtii) · Plateau Vole (L. fuscus) · Mandarin Vole (L. mandarinus) Lemmiscus Sagebrush Vole (L. curtatus) Microtus (Voles) Subgenus Microtus: Field Vole (M. agrestis) · Anatolian Vole (M. anatolicus) · Common Vole (M. arvalis) · Cabrera's Vole (M. cabrerae) · Doğramaci's Vole (M. dogramacii) · Günther's Vole (M. guentheri) · Tien Shan Vole (M. ilaeus) · Persian Vole (M. irani) · Southern Vole (M. levis) · Paradox Vole (M. paradoxus) · Qazvin Vole (M. qazvinensis) · Schidlovsky's Vole (M. schidlovskii) · Social Vole (M. socialis) · European Pine Vole (M. subterraneus) · Transcaspian Vole (M. transcaspicus) Subgenus Terricola: Bavarian Pine Vole (M. bavaricus) · Calabria Pine Vole (M. brachycercus) · Daghestan Pine Vole (M. daghestanicus) · Mediterranean Pine Vole (M. duodecimcostatus) · Felten's Vole (M. felteni) · Liechtenstein's Pine Vole (M. liechtensteini) · Lusitanian Pine Vole (M. lusitanicus) · Major's Pine Vole (M. majori) · Alpine Pine Vole (M. multiplex) · Savi's Pine Vole (M. savii) · Tatra Pine Vole (M. tatricus) · Thomas's Pine Vole (M. thomasi) Subgenus Mynomes: Beach Vole (M. breweri) · Gray-tailed Vole (M. canicaudus) · Montane Vole (M. montanus) · Creeping Vole (M. oregoni) · Meadow Vole (M. pennsylvanicus) · Townsend's Vole (M. townsendii) Subgenus Alexandromys: Clarke's Vole (M. clarkei) · Evorsk Vole (M. evoronensis) · Reed Vole (M. fortis) · Gerbe's Vole (M. gerbei) · Taiwan Vole (M. kikuchii) · Lacustrine Vole (M. limnophilus) · Maximowicz's Vole (M. maximowiczii) · Middendorf's Vole (M. middendorffi) · Mongolian Vole (M. mongolicus) · Japanese Grass Vole (M. montebelli) · Muisk Vole (M. mujanensis) · Tundra Vole (M. oeconomus) · Sakhalin Vole (M. sachalinensis) Subgenus Stenocranius: Narrow-headed Vole (M. gregalis) Subgenus Pitymys: Guatemalan Vole (M. guatemalensis) · Tarabundí Vole (M. oaxacensis) · Woodland Vole (M. pinetorum) · Jalapan Pine Vole (M. quasiater) Subgenus Pedomys: Prairie Vole (M. ochrogaster) Subgenus Hyrcanicola: Schelkovnikov's Pine Vole (M. schelkovnikovi) incertae sedis: Insular Vole (M. abbreviatus) · California Vole (M. californicus) · Rock Vole (M. chrotorrhinus) · Long-tailed Vole (M. longicaudus) · Mexican Vole (M. mexicanus) · Singing Vole (M. miurus) · Water Vole (M. richardsoni) · Zempoaltépec Vole (M. umbrosus) · Taiga Vole (M. xanthognathus) Neodon (Mountain voles) Juniper Vole (N. juldaschi) · Chinese Scrub Vole (N. irene) · Sikkim Mountain Vole (N. sikimensis) · Forrest's Mountain Vole (N. forresti) Phaiomys Blyth's Vole (P. leucurus) Proedromys Duke of Bedford's Vole (P. bedfordi) · P. liangshanensis Volemys Szechuan Vole (V. millicens) · Marie's Vole (V. musseri) Dicrostonychini (Collared lemmings) Dicrostonyx St. Lawrence Island Collared Lemming (D. exsul) · Northern Collared Lemming (D. groenlandicus) · Ungava Collared Lemming (D. hudsonius) · Victoria Collared Lemming (D. kilangmiutak) · Nelson's Collared Lemming (D. nelsoni) · Ogilvie Mountains Collared Lemming (D. nunatakensis) · Richardson's Collared Lemming (D. richardsoni) · Bering Collared Lemming (D. rubricatus) · Arctic Lemming (D. torquatus) · Unalaska Collared Lemming (D. unalascensis) · Wrangel Lemming (D. vinogradovi) Ellobiusini (mole voles) Ellobius (Mole voles) Alai Mole Vole (E. alaicus) · Southern Mole Vole (E. fuscocapillus) · Transcaucasian Mole Vole (E. lutescens) · Northern Mole Vole (E. talpinus) · Zaisan Mole Vole (E. tancrei) Lagurini (Steppe lemmings) Eolagurus Yellow Steppe Lemming (E. luteus) · Przewalski's Steppe Lemming (E. przewalskii) Lagurus Steppe Lemming (L. lagurus) Lemmini (Lemmings) Lemmus (True lemmings) Amur Lemming (L. amurensis) · Norway lemming (L. lemmus) · Siberian Brown Lemming (L. sibiricus) · North American Brown Lemming (L. trimucronatus) · Wrangel Island Lemming (L. portenkoi) Myopus Wood Lemming (M. schisticolor) Synaptomys (Bog lemmings) Northern Bog Lemming (S. borealis) · Southern Bog Lemming (S. cooperi) Myodini Alticola (Voles from Central Asia) Subgenus Alticola: White-tailed Mountain Vole (A. albicauda) · Silver Mountain Vole (A. argentatus) · Gobi Altai Mountain Vole (A. barakshin) · Central Kashmir Vole (A. montosa) · Royle's Mountain Vole (A. roylei) · Mongolian Silver Vole (A. semicanus) · Stolička's Mountain Vole (A. stoliczkanus) · Tuva Silver Vole (A. tuvinicus) Subgenus Aschizomys: Lemming Vole (A. lemminus) · Large-eared Vole (A. macrotis) · Lake Baikal Mountain Vole (A. olchonensis) Subgenus Platycranius: Flat-headed Vole (A. strelzowi) Caryomys Ganzu Vole (C. eva) · Kolan Vole (C. inez) Eothenomys (Voles from East Asia) Kachin Red-backed Vole (E. cachinus) · Pratt's Vole (E. chinensis) · Southwest China Vole (E. custos) · Père David's Vole (E. melanogaster) · Yunnan Red-backed Vole (E. miletus) · Chaotung Vole (E. olitor) · Yulungshan Vole (E. proditor) · Ward's Red-backed Vole (E. wardi) Hyperacrius (Voles from Pakistan) True's Vole (H. fertilis) · Murree Vole (H. wynnei) Myodes (Red-backed voles) Japanese Red-Backed Vole (M. andersoni) · Western Red-backed Vole (M. californicus) · Tien Shan Red-backed Vole (M. centralis) · Southern Red-backed Vole (M. gapperi) · Bank Vole (M. glareolus) · Imaizumi's Red-backed Vole (M. imaizumii) · Royal Vole (M. regulus) · Hokkaido Red-backed Vole (M. rex) · Grey Red-backed Vole (M. rufocanus) · Northern Red-backed Vole (M. rutilus) · Shansei Vole (M. shanseius) · Smith's Vole (M. smithii) Neofibrini Neofiber Round-tailed Muskrat (N. alleni) Ondatrini Ondatra Muskrat (O. zibethicus) Pliomyini Dinaromys Balkan Snow Vole (D. bogdanovi) Prometheomyini Prometheomys Long-clawed Mole Vole (P. schaposchnikowi) incertae sedis Arborimus (Tree voles) White-footed Vole (A. albipes) · Red Tree Vole (A. longicaudus) · California Red Tree Mouse (A. pomo) Phenacomys (Heather voles) Western Heather Vole (P. intermedius) · Eastern Heather Vole (P. ungava)