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Albert Duke of Teschen Governor of the Austrian Netherlands Governor of Hungary Reign 1758–1763 Predecessor Joseph II Successor Charles Spouse Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen Issue Princess Maria Theresia Full name Albert Kasimir August Ignaz Pius Franz Xavier House House of Wettin Father Frederick Augustus II, Elector of Saxony Mother Maria Josepha of Austria Born 11 July 1738(1738-07-11) Dresden Died 10 February 1822(1822-02-10) (aged 83) Vienna Burial Ducal Crypt, Vienna, Austria Religion Roman Catholicism Palace of Prince Albert, today houses his Albertina collection Arms of Maria Christina of Austria and Albert of Saxony, Dukes of Teschen Prince Albert Casimir August of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (11 July 1738 in the Moritzburg near Dresden - 10 February 1822 in Vienna) was a German prince from the House of Wettin who married into the Habsburg imperial family. He noted as an art collector and founded the Albertina in Vienna, the largest and finest collection of old master prints and drawings in the world. He was a younger son of king Augustus III of Poland (who was also Elector of Saxony) and Maria Josepha of Austria, a first cousin of empress Maria Theresa, being the eldest daughter of late Emperor Joseph I. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen, was also one of the godparents to his namesake Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Young Albert was specifically chosen by Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria to be her husband. This was a special favour granted by her mother, the great empress Maria Theresa of Austria because marriages of imperial children were usually used for diplomatic purposes. Still, the betrothal and wedding had to wait until the death of her father Emperor Francis I and the wedding decorations were black because it occurred during the official mourning period after his death. From his father-in-law's estate, Albert received the territory of Teschen in Austrian Silesia and was accordingly given the title of Duke of Teschen. Since he became a member of the Habsburg-Lorraine family, the title Archduke was also given to him.[citation needed] The Silesian Duchy of Teschen had been inherited by Emperor Francis through his father's Gonzaga ancestry, as compensation for the lost Duchy of Montferrat, taken from them in favor of the dukes of Savoy. Archduchess Maria Christina the daughter of Francis of Lorraine received the duchy among her dowry. Prince Albert of Saxony thus became the Duke of Teschen, the only non-Habsburg to become such after the title passed into Habsburg control. Their marriage remained childless except a daughter dead as baby, and upon the death of the widowed Albert in 1822, Teschen was granted to their adopted son, Archduke Charles of Austria, who became Duke of Teschen and started the Habsburg-Lorraine branch of Dukes of Teschen. Albert was governor of Hungary from 1765 to 1780, with his seat at Bratislava Castle and his summer residence in Halbturn Castle at Neusiedl. He was then made governor of the Austrian Netherlands, with his seat at Brussels where he built Laeken palace (the present-day home of the Belgian royal family) as his seat. There he assembled the beginnings of his vast art collection which he took with him when the couple had to flee from Brussels to Vienna in 1793 due to the French Revolution and following his military defeat by invasion forces at the Battle of Jemappes. In Vienna a palace adjoining the Hofburg originally designed by Emanuel Teles Silva-Tarouca was enlarged for them by architect Louis Montoyer. That palace is today called the Albertina, after Albert, and houses the collection he started. Only two-thirds of his collection survives, because one of the cargo ships bringing it from Brussels sank en route. After his return to Vienna, he used as an advisor Adam von Bartsch , the Curator of the Imperial prints collection and the greatest prints scholar of his age. After the early death of his wife in 1798 of typhus, he lived only for his art collection, which he bequeathed to his (wife's) nephew and adopted son Archduke Charles of Austria. Next door to his palace, in the Augustinerkirche Albert had a famous memorial to his wife carved by Antonio Canova. The couple are buried in tombs 111 and 112 in the Tuscan Vault of the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, with their hearts in urns 40 and 28 in the nearby Herzgruft and their viscera in urns 75 and 63 of the Ducal Crypt in Vienna's cathedral. Ancestry Ancestors of Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen                                     16. John George II, Elector of Saxony               8. John George III, Elector of Saxony                       17. Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth               4. Augustus II of Poland                             18. Frederick III of Denmark               9. Anne Sophie of Denmark                       19. Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg               2. Augustus III of Poland                                   20. Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth               10. Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth                       21. Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach               5. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth                             22. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg               11. Sofie Luise of Württemberg                       23. Anna Katharina of Salm-Kyrburg               1. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen                                         24. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor               12. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor                       25. Maria Anna of Spain               6. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor                             26. Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine               13. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg                       27. Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt               3. Maria Josepha of Austria                                   28. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg               14. John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg                       29. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt               7. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick                             30. Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern               15. Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate                       31. Anna Gonzaga             External links Media related to Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen at Wikimedia Commons Albertina Museum (in German) Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen House of Wettin Born: 11 July 1738 Died: 10 February 1822 Regnal titles Preceded by Joseph II Duke of Teschen 1766-1822 with Maria Christina Succeeded by Karl Ludwig See also v · d · ePrinces of Saxony, dukes in Saxony The generations are numbered from the ascension of Frederick I as Elector of Saxony in 1423. 1st generation Frederick II · Sigismund, Bishop of Würzburg · Prince Henry · William III, Duke of Luxembourg 2nd generation Prince Frederick · Ernest · Albert III · Prince Alexander 3rd generation Frederick III · Ernest, Archbishop of Magdeburg · Albert, Administrator of Mainz · John · George · Prince Wolfgang · Henry IV · Prince Frederick, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights · Prince Louis · Prince John  · Prince John 4th generation Prince Christopher · Prince John · Prince Wolfgang · Prince Christopher · John Frederick I · Prince Frederick · Prince John · Maurice · John Ernest · Prince Severinus · Augustus 5th generation John Frederick II · John William · Prince John Ernest · John Frederick III · Albert, Electoral Prince · John Henry, Electoral Prince · Alexander, Electoral Prince · Prince Magnus · Prince Joachim · Prince Hector · Christian I · Prince Augustus · Prince Adolph · Prince Frederick 6th generation Christian II · John George I · Prince Augustus 7th generation Christian Albert, Electoral Prince · John George II · Augustus of Saxe-Weissenfels · Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg · Maurice of Saxe-Zeitz · Prince Henry 8th generation John George III 9th generation John George IV · Frederick Augustus I 10th generation Frederick Augustus II* 11th generation Prince Frederick Augustus* · Prince Joseph Augustus* · Frederick Christian* · Prince Francis Xavier* · Charles, Duke of Courland* · Albert, Duke of Teschen* · Clemens Wenceslaus, Archbishop of Trier* 12th generation Frederick Augustus I · Prince Charles · Prince Joseph · Anthony I · Maximilian, Crown Prince 13th generation Prince Frederick Augustus · Frederick Augustus II · Prince Klemens · John I 14th generation Albert I · Prince Ernest · George I 15th generation Frederick Augustus III · Prince Johann Georg · Prince Maximilian · Prince Albert 16th generation Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony · Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen · Prince Ernst Heinrich 17th generation Prince Dedo · Prince Timo · Prince Gero · Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen · Prince Albert 18th generation Prince Rüdiger 19th generation Prince Daniel · Prince Arne · Prince Nils 20th generation Prince Moritz * princes royal of Poland and Lithuania