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This article has no lead section. Please help by adding an introductory section to this article. For more information, see the layout guide, and Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, and join in a discussion of the issue on the talk page. (May 2011) This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2011) Contents 1 Participants 1.1 Timothy Leary's credentials 1.2 Jerome Lettvin's credentials 2 Venue and preliminaries 3 Issue and debate 4 External links Participants Timothy Leary's credentials Timothy Leary focused on how the interpersonal process might be used to diagnose disorders and patterns found in human personalities. He proposed that psychedelic substances, used at proper dosages, in a stable set and setting could, under the guidance of psychologists, alter behavior in beneficial ways not easily attainable through regular therapy. Subsequently he had developed a following of admirers for the philosophy turn on, tune in, drop out. This was commonly understood to suggest that taking psychedelic drugs (in particular LSD) was valuable to average people. Jerome Lettvin's credentials Trained by neurologist Denny Brown, Jerome Lettvin was a psychiatrist, neurologist, neurosurgeon, and neuroscientist with deep clinical experience and was a passionate advocate of individual rights. Having been the head of only 7 doctors controlling the 7,000 patients in Manteno State Hospital, he had direct experience diagnosing a large number of unusual neurological conditions along with their treatments, useful drugs, and their effectiveness. Venue and preliminaries Leary was scheduled to debate another MIT professor at Kresge Auditorium on the MIT campus. On the day of the debate, the scheduled professor bowed out, leaving the organizers scrambling to find another professor who would take his place. Lettvin was considered a poor candidate because of his lack of conventionality and for his regular advocacy on behalf of students. The organizers exhausted all other candidates and then came to Lettvin's laboratory in Building 20 to plead for a last minute appearance. From the middle of an experiment on a frog's optic nerve, in his shirt sleeves, he was offered a tie to wear and went to Kresge for the debate with no preparation. Issue and debate This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2011) Leary was proposing casual use of psychedelic drugs to a largely enthusiastic student community. The U.S. government had made illegal the use of these and other drugs. Lettvin was asked by the MIT organizers to present a counter-proposal to steer students away from casual use of drugs. The debate was televised by WGBH Channel 2 in 1967. Leary started with a mystical appearing presentation having a wild projected visual backdrop. In this segment, he made the use of drugs very appealing to the students in the audience, and they responded positively. With humor and without losing the audience, Lettvin followed with an appeal on behalf of the higher mental functions using textbook and clinical observations as support material. Leary finished with a sudden about-face, agreeing with Lettvin that there are dangers to be avoided. Lettvin's use of the word "bullshit" on public television was an early weakening of television to the use of profanity so common in modern shows.[citation needed] During the debate Lettvin criticized the U.S. government for ill-conceived anti-drug legislation. External links