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Yoshkar-Ola (English) Йошкар-Ола (Russian) Йошкар-Ола (Mari) -  City[citation needed]  - Yoshkar-Ola City Hall Location of the Mari El Republic in Russia Yoshkar-Ola Coordinates: 56°38′N 47°52′E / 56.633°N 47.867°E / 56.633; 47.867Coordinates: 56°38′N 47°52′E / 56.633°N 47.867°E / 56.633; 47.867 Coat of arms Flag City Day Third Saturday of August[citation needed] Administrative status Country Russia Federal subject Mari El Republic Capital of Mari El Republic[1] Municipal status Urban okrug Yoshkar-Ola Urban Okrug[citation needed] Head[citation needed] Oleg Voinov[citation needed] Representative body City Duma[citation needed] Statistics Area 101.45 km2 (39.17 sq mi)[citation needed] Population (2010 Census, preliminary) 248,700 inhabitants[2] - Rank in 2010 74th Population (2002 Census) 256,719 inhabitants[3] - Rank in 2002 74th Density 2,451 /km2 (6,350 /sq mi)[4] Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00) Founded 1584[citation needed] Postal code(s) 655000[citation needed] Dialing code(s) +7 3902[citation needed] Official website Yoshkar-Ola (Mari and Russian: Йошка́р-Ола́) is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russia. Population: 248,700 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 256,719 (2002 Census);[3] 241,601 (1989 Census).[6] Yoshkar-Ola means red city in Mari. The current name is the third to have been given to the city. The city was known as Tsaryovokokshaysk (Russian: Царёвококшайск) before 1919 and as Krasnokokshaysk (Russian: Краснококшайск) between 1919 and 1927. These names were derived from the name of the Malaya Kokshaga River, which runs through the city. During the Soviet era, especially after World War II, the city was a regional industrial and transport center and grew to its current size. The collapse of the Soviet Union removed support for state enterprises, and led to the shutdown of most manufacturing activity in the area. Much of the city's economic activity was supported by shuttle traders who would transport (often counterfeit) goods from the bustling markets of Moscow to Yoshkar-Ola's bazaars. The sharp decline in living standards led to the emigration of specialized professionals to larger cities in Russia. The 14th Kiev-Zhitomir Rocket Division of the 27th Guards Missile Army of the Strategic Rocket Forces is located nearby.[7] Contents 1 Transportation 2 Climate 3 Education 4 Twin towns/sister cities 5 External links 6 References Transportation Yoshkar-Ola is linked to other cities and regions in Russia by a series of train and bus routes. The local train station is currently served by a daily train to and from the capital Moscow with other short-service trains running to and from Kazan. Moscow and various other nearby towns and regions can also be reached by buses departing from the local bus station. The Yoshkar-Ola Airport is also located 9 km north of the city and handles small aircraft Moscow-bound flights (Domodedovo International Airport) since June 2008. It is planned to expand the range of destinations in the near future. Destinations within the city limits can be reached through a network of buses, trolleys, and route taxis, or marshrutkas. There are currently seven different bus routes, eleven different trolley routes, and seventeen marshrutka routes.[citation needed] Climate The city is situated in a temperate continental climate. The winters are long and cold with high yearly snowfall totals in these regions, in the majority of winter seasons a temperature of −18 °C (−0.4 °F) or lower can be expected with January as the coldest month. The area enjoys pleasantly warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry or rainy conditions with July as the hottest month (+22...+24°C). Education Yoshkar-Ola is home to several institutions of higher education: Mari State University (Марийский государственный университет) Mari State Technical University (Марийский государственный технический университет) Mari State Pedagogical Institute (Марийский государственный педагогический институт) (incorporated into Mari State University in 2008) Twin towns/sister cities Yoshkar-Ola is twinned with: Szombathely (Hungary) Bourges (France) Lyon (France) Princeton, New Jersey (USA) External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Yoshkar-Ola Detailed map of the city of Yoshkar-Ola Yoshkar-Ola in Mari El Yoshkar-Ola city photos Red-White Yoshkar-Ola RUS Yoshkar-Ola travel guide from Wikitravel References ^ http://www.yoshkar-ola.com/eng/yoshka/index.html Yoshkar-Ola ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25.  ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23.  ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25.  ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23.  ^ http://www.ww2.dk/new/rvsn/14md.htm v · d · eAdministrative divisions of the Mari El Republic Capital: Yoshkar-Ola Cities and towns Kozmodemyansk · Volzhsk · Zvenigovo Districts Gornomariysky · Kilemarsky · Kuzhenersky · Mari-Tureksky · Medvedevsky · Morkinsky · Novotoryalsky · Orshansky · Paranginsky · Sernursky · Sovetsky · Volzhsky · Yurinsky · Zvenigovsky v · d · eCapitals of the Republics of Russia Abakan · Cheboksary · Cherkessk · Elista · Gorno-Altaysk · Grozny · Izhevsk · Kazan · Kyzyl · Magas · Makhachkala · Maykop · Nalchik · Petrozavodsk · Saransk · Syktyvkar · Ufa · Ulan-Ude · Vladikavkaz · Yakutsk · Yoshkar-Ola