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This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (October 2010) ‹ The template below (Infobox Indian jurisdiction) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.› Greater Baramulla बारामूला بارامولا ਬਾਰਾਮੂਲਾ —  city  — Greater Baramulla Location of Greater Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir and India Coordinates 34°11′53″N 74°21′49″E / 34.1980°N 74.3636°E / 34.1980; 74.3636Coordinates: 34°11′53″N 74°21′49″E / 34.1980°N 74.3636°E / 34.1980; 74.3636 Country India State Jammu and Kashmir District(s) [Greater Baramulla] Population • Density 836,591 (2007[update]) • 200 /km2 (518 /sq mi) Sex ratio 892/1000 ♂/♀ Literacy • Male • Female 77%  • 77% • 48% Time zone IST (UTC+5:30) Area • Elevation 4190 km2 (1618 sq mi)sq. km for District Baramulla • 1,593 metres (5,226 ft) Codes • Pincode • 193101 (New town), 193102 (Old town), 193103 (Khawajabagh area) • Telephone • +01952 • Vehicle • JK-05 Website www.baramulla.nic.in Greater Baramulla (Kashmiri: बारामूला (Devanagari), بارامولا (Nastaleeq); Punjabi: ਬਾਰਾਮੂਲਾ; translation: Boar's Place),[1] known as Varahamula (Sanskrit: वराहमूल) in antiquity, is a city in the Baramulla district in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India. Baramulla is the third largest city of Jammu & Kashmir state (2001 census) after Srinagar (894940 people)and Jammu (369959 people). The old town is connected by five bridges with the new town and five more bridges are in the pipeline. The commonly used language is Kashmiri, followed by Gujari, Hindi, and Punjabi.[1] Contents 1 Origin and Geography 2 Demographics 3 Education 4 Language 5 References Origin and Geography Ancient Indian cities. The name Baramulla, meaning "Boar's Place,"[1] is derived from two Sanskrit words Varaha (Boar) and Mula. According to Hindu teaching, the valley of Kashmir was once a lake called "Satisaras," the lake of Parvati. The ancient Hindu texts state that the lake was occupied by a demon, Jalodbhava, until Lord Vishnu, assumed the form of a boar and struck the mountain at Baramulla (ancient Varahamula) boring an opening in it for the water to flow out.[2] As such, the town is located on the banks of river Jehlum at the highest point of the river. The river forms a delta just in the outskirts of the town. Demographics As of 2001[update] India census,[3] Baramulla has a population of 71896. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Baramulla has an average literacy rate of 65%,[citation needed] higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 63% of the males and 37% of the females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. The Baramulla District is the largest district in the entire Kashmir valley both with reference to the population and area.[citation needed] The district is spread over an area of 4588 km². The Baramulla District is bounded by Kupwara in the north and west, Budgam and Poonch in the south, Bandipore District in the North East and Neelum District (Azad Kashmir) in the North. The district is divided into 8 tehsils, and 12 CD Blocks.[clarification needed (what's this?)] The eight tehsils of Baramulla are Uri, Boniyar, Baramulla, Rohama, Tangmarg, Pattan, Sopore and Wagoora (Kreri). The twelve blocks of the district are Uri, Boniyar, Baramulla, Wagoora, Pattan, Rafiabad, Rohama, Tangmarg, Sopore, Zaingeer, Kunzer and Singhpora. Baramulla is comprising of old town (Approx.population=45,000) and the new town(Greater Baramulla Approx.Population=57,000)are connected with five bridges including a suspension bridge connecting Gulnar park with Dewan Bagh. A new bridge is in the pipeline which will connect Khanpora and Drangbal areas of the town. There are other towns in the district like Sopore (Population=58000(2001 census)),Pattan,Uri,and Tangmarg. Baramulla and Sopore towns enjoy the status of Municipal Councils and other as Municipal Committees. Education St. Joseph's School is in Greater Baramulla, which is owned by the Catholic diocese of Jammu-Srinagar, and is administered by its Education Society (Reg. No. 1601-S of 1989) under the provisions of article 30(1) of the Indian Constitution; for Christians and all others without any distinction of caste, creed or colour.[4] St. Joseph's School is one of the oldest missionary schools in the Kashmir valley. It recently got upgraded to the status of a higher secondary school. The new block cost nearly 60 million rupees The school has started online education. This school is the first in the Kashmir valley to start online education. The school also has a plan to upgrade to the professional college which shall start with journalism, Business Administration and Computer Science. Baramulla's 2 big school Like St.Josephs Hr.sec.School & Baramulla Public Hr.Sec.School Are Known As The Best School In Baramulla City.. In These Two School There Are The Baramulla's District Best Teacher... The other schools of the City are Baramulla Public School (BPS), Delhi Public School (DPS), Guru Nanak School, Budding Bloom, Beacon House, and Govt Higher Sec. Institute Fatehgrah Baramulla is also a prestigious school in Greater Baramulla . The school has started their own website i,e www.hssfatehgrah.wetpaint.com . Baramulla also has the Govt. Degree College for Boys Baramulla. It has labs, computer browsing centres,well established libraries.In addition it has Govt.College for women and other no. of intermediate colleges (Hr.Secondary Schools).The town has got District Hospital and a nursing college. A medical college and a polytechnic college is in the pipeline.Baramulla has got District Veterinary Hospital which is flourished with the latest technology like X-ray and ultrasonography machines for caring the ailing animal patients. The Govt.is of the opinion to open two more degree colleges for boys and girls in the town.The town has got north campus of University of Kashmir where an Engineering College has already started its function. Language Kashmiri is the predominant language spoken in the district. Shina is the dominant language in Gurez Valley in Gurez Tehsil which is situated in the northwest on the border with Skardu District, Pakistan. Pashto is also spoken in a few villages in the far north located on the Line of Control. Hindi and Gujari also have many speakers in the city.[1] There are also a number of Punjabi speakers in the city, who are usually adherents of Sikhism.[1] References ^ a b c d e Urdu language. Radha Krishan Anand & Co., 2004. http://books.google.com/books?id=ROfsAAAAMAAJ&q=Baramulla+boar&dq=Baramulla+boar&hl=en&ei=n9i_TNHMIYK7nge0mcjlCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAg. Retrieved 2010-07-01. "... meaning in Sanskrit a boar's place. Foreigners who visited this place pronounced ... The place was thus named as Baramulla meaning 12 bores."  ^ Kashmir and it's people: studies in the evolution of Kashmiri society. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. http://books.google.com/books?id=QpjKpK7ywPIC&pg=PA6&dq=Baramulla+boar&hl=en&ei=n9i_TNHMIYK7nge0mcjlCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Baramulla%20boar&f=false. Retrieved 2010-07-01. "That the valley of Kashmir was once a vast lake, known as "Satisaras", the lake of Parvati (consort of Shiva), is enshrined in our traditions. There are many mythological stories connected with the desiccation of the lake, before the valley was fit for habitation. The narratives make it out that it was occupied by a demon 'Jalodbhava', till Lord Vishnu assumed the form of a boar and struck the mountain at Baramulla (ancient Varahamula) boring an opening in it for the water to flow out."  ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ Overview Directory of statistics jammu and kashmir (2009).