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LGV Est Overview System SNCF Status Operational, partly under construction Locale France (Île-de-France, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine, Alsace) Termini near Vaires-sur-Marne near Baudrecourt Operation Opened 2007 Owner RFF Operator(s) SNCF Technical Line length 300 km (190 mi) No. of tracks Double track Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Standard gauge Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz[1] Operating speed 320 km/h (200 mph) Route map Legend Line from Paris Gare de l'Est 22.7 0 Line to Strasbourg 10.1 LGV Interconnexion Est 38.3 Meaux – Reims 113.7 Champagne-Ardenne TGV 114.7 Épernay – Reims from Châlons-en-Champagne 146.9 to Laon 147.8 to Verdun 213.5 Meuse TGV 230.9 River Meuse (603 m) 270.6 Nancy – Metz Lorraine-Vandières TGV (proposed) 271.7 River Moselle (1115 m) 281.3 Lorraine TGV from Metz Baudrecourt junction to Strasbourg Line to Saarbrücken from Nancy Saverne tunnel (±4000 m) 406 Line from Nancy Line to Strasbourg The LGV Est européenne (often shortened to LGV Est) is an extension to the French high-speed rail network, connecting currently Vaires-sur-Marne (near Paris) and Baudrecourt (near Metz and Nancy), and later Vaires-sur-Marne and Vendenheim (near Strasbourg). As of 2009[update], it is the newest high-speed line in France and still under construction, with 300 km (190 mi) of a planned 406 km (252 mi) in service. It provides fast service between Paris and the principal cities of eastern France and Luxembourg, and several cities in Germany and Switzerland. It also enables fast connections between eastern France and French regions already served by TGV, to the southeast, the west and southwest, and to the north, with extensions towards Belgium. Contents 1 Line 2 The project 3 Construction 4 Cost 5 Controversy 6 Timeline 7 World speed record 8 Inauguration 9 See also 10 References 11 External links Line The line passes through the French regions of Alsace, Lorraine, Champagne-Ardenne and Île-de-France. The first 300 km (190 mi) section of this new route, linking Vaires-sur-Marne near Paris to Baudrecourt in the Moselle, entered service on 10 June 2007. Constructed for speeds up to 350 km/h (220 mph), for commercial service it is initially operating at a maximum speed of 320 km/h (200 mph),[2] and was the fastest service in the world[3] until the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway opened in 2009. It is the first line in France to travel at this speed in commercial service, the first to use ERTMS,[4] the new European rail signalling system and the first line also served by German ICE trains.[5][6] The project The construction of the new line has been split into two phases: from Vaires-sur-Marne (Seine-et-Marne) near Paris to Baudrecourt (Moselle), where it joins the conventional Metz-Saarbrücken and Metz-Strasbourg lines, opened June 2007; from Baudrecourt to Vendenheim (Bas-Rhin) near Strasbourg, expected around 2014. Until then, TGV will run between these two cities via the existing Metz-Strasbourg line at the 160 km/h normal speed for the line. Preparatory work will start in 2009 with main construction beginning in 2011. This is part of a new accelerated time table, made possible by the release of additional funds by the French Government. It is unclear how much the accelerated timetable, announced the 4th of February, 2009, will affect the completion date.[7] It will presumably be earlier than the previous 2014 date mentioned. On the 2nd of September, 2009, infrastructure manager RFF announced the tendering for the second phase. The timetable announced at the same time seems to contradict earlier reports, suggesting as it does, a start of construction in spring 2010 (earlier than the 2011 mentioned before) though a completion in 2016 (at least 2 years later than mentioned before). Financing was finalized September 1, 2009, with a mix of sources ranging from the French and Luxembourgois nation governments, regional governments, the EU and RFF.[8] Journey times have decreased as follows: Paris–Strasbourg: from 4 hours to 2h 20 (first phase) to 1h 50 (second phase) Paris–Reims: from 1h 35 to 0h 45 Paris–Sedan: from 2h 50 to 2h 00 Paris–Charleville-Mézières: from 2h 30 to 1h35 Paris–Nancy: from 2h 45 to 1h 30 Paris–Metz: from 2h 45 to 1h 25 Paris–Luxembourg: from 3h 55 to 2h 05 Luxembourg–Strasbourg: from 2h 10 to 1h 25 (second phase) Paris–Basel: from 4h 55 to 3h 20 Paris–Zürich: from 5h 50 to 4h 35 Paris–Frankfurt: from 6h 15 to 3h 50 Paris–Stuttgart: from 6h 10 to 3h 40 (first phase) to 3h 10 (second phase) Paris–Saarbrücken: from 4h 00 to 1h 50 Besides the construction of the LGV the project included: construction of three TGV stations: Champagne-Ardenne TGV near Reims (Bezannes) Meuse TGV (Trois-Domaines) Lorraine TGV (in Louvigny, near Metz-Nancy-Lorraine Airport) upgrades and improvements to terminal lines and facilities, especially between the Gare de l'Est station in Paris and Vaires-sur-Marne and on the Strasbourg–Kehl main line. modernisation of city centre stations electrification of lines through the Vosges valleys to permit seamless TGV running Construction Earthworks for the first phase between Vaires and Baudrecourt started in spring 2002. The contractors took three years to complete the earthworks and some 327 pieces of structural work as well as re-establishing communications for people and wildlife. Tracklaying and building the new stations started in 2004. As the first infrastructure project of its kind to be declared a public utility by the Ministry of the Environment, the LGV Est is also the first railway to be financed largely by the French regions and the European Union (EU). The main contractor for the project is RFF (Réseau ferré de France), the state-owned company responsible for managing the French rail infrastructure. Civil engineering works were distributed in eight contracts which were awarded after bidding by five companies: SNCF, ISL, Tractebel, Scétauroute and Setec. This is the first time there has been competition for the construction of a TGV line since reform of the rail system in 1997 and the involvement of RFF. SNCF Engineering, in partnership with EEG Simecsol succeeded in obtaining four of the contracts (including one for the second phase), this being 50% of the civil engineering project. Moreover, it directed the entire superstructure works project (track, signals and electrification) under the responsibility of Réseau Ferré de France. Cost The total cost is about €4 billion, apportioned as follows: 61% public funds French government 17 local authorities European Union Luxembourg 17% RFF 22% SNCF (including €800 million for TGV rolling stock) Controversy The LGV Est has been a subject of public debate for several reasons: The 2006 commencement of first phase service was pushed back to June 10, 2007. This will be the first LGV construction in which local communities have had to participate financially together with the state government and European Union. The contribution was fixed following a capital structure group discussion of the communities, depending on the time decrease for users in relation to the Île de France. Alsace has therefore had to pay almost €300 million. It is possible that this financial model will continue for the second phase. Timeline 22 May 1992: French-German la Rochelle summit; commitment by France and Germany to create a high-speed rail line linking the two countries; comprising a northern branch via Saarbrücken-Mannheim and a southern branch via Strasbourg-Karlsruhe 14 May 1996: declaration of public utility 2001: refurbishment of a number of stations in Germany (for example Kaiserslautern) and launch of infrastructure work in Germany (line upgrading for 200 km/hour on sections of the conventional line between Saarbrücken and Mannheim) 28 January 2002: official beginning of works for first phase between Vaires and Baudrecourt 18 December 2003: government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin announces approximately 50 improvement projects, of which eight are for the TGV, including second phase works due to begin about 2010; additionally, connection of TGV Est with ICE to occur between 2007 and 2010 19 October 2004: laying of the first LGV Est rail at Saint-Hilaire-au-Temple (Marne) by the transport minister, Gilles de Robien; earthworks are 80% complete and of the 338 structural projects, 290 (of which 14 are viaducts) are complete June 2006: the catenary between Marne and Meuse is powered 31 October 2006: the catenary for the entire length of the line is powered to enable testing[9] 13 November 2006: beginning of technical testing of the central 210 km of the line using specialized trains to check correct track geometry, etc., at speeds up to 320 km/h[10] 25 January 2007: An initial budget of €94 million is allocated to the second phase of the line between Baudrecourt and Strasbourg 30 January 2007: The power is on over the whole length of 300 km. 1 February 2007: The control centre at Pagny-sur-Moselle is opened. 13 February 2007: A new world record for train speed is unofficially set by a TGV during tests on the LGV Est.[11] 3 April 2007: An official new world speed record for conventional trains of 574.8 km/h is set by a TGV on the LGV Est. June 9, 2007: The inaugural voyage of the LGV Est is completed (see below). June 10, 2007: The LGV Est opens for commercial service. May 16, 2008: First Stop of ICE-MF due to a fire of transformator on this route. 29th October, 2009: the European Commission announced that LGV Est's second phase has been awarded 76€M, out of total costs of 633.3€M. The Commission stated the funding had been brought forward to accelerate construction due to the economic crisis.[12] June 2010: Construction begins on phase 2[13] World speed record Main article: TGV world speed record of 2007 A series of high speed trials, named Operation V150, were conducted on the LGV Est prior to its June 2007 opening using a specially modified train. The trials were conducted jointly by SNCF, TGV builder Alstom, and LGV Est owner Réseau Ferré de France between 15 January 2007 and 15 April 2007. Following a series of increasingly high speed runs, the official speed record attempt took place on 3 April 2007.[14][15] The top speed of 574.8 km/h (159.6 m/s, 357.2 mph) was reached at kilometre point 191 near the village of Le Chemin, between the Meuse and Champagne-Ardenne TGV stations, where the most favourable profile exists. The 515.3 km/h speed record of 1990 was unofficially broken multiple times during the test campaign that preceded and followed the certified record attempt, the first time on February 13, 2007 with a speed of 554.3 km/h, and the last time on April 15, 2007 with a speed of 542.9 km/h. Inauguration Illustration of the proposed alignment of the second phase of the LGV Est. On June 9, 2007, the TGV Est made its inaugural voyage, leaving from the Gare de l'Est at 7:36am. Notable passengers included: François Fillon, the French Prime Minister, Alain Juppé, the Minister of Sustainable Development, and the Argentinian Ambassador to France. The Prime Minister hailed this event as "a beautiful symbol of the capacity of our country to innovate when it is united, a symbol of European France, of the knowledge of French businesses, and a symbol that gives confidence in the future." He hailed this achievement as "a union by train between France and its German, Luxembourgish, and Swiss partners, between the European institutions and the [French] capital." On June 10, 2007, the first phase of the LGV Est opened for commercial service. See also TGV High-speed rail in France Intercity Express v · d · eTGV Class – Train à Grande Vitesse Lines in service LGV Sud-Est · LGV Est · LGV Atlantique · LGV Rhône-Alpes · LGV Nord · LGV Interconnexion Est · LGV Méditerranée · LGV Perpignan–Figueres Lines under construction LGV Rhin-Rhône Planned lines LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire · LGV Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur · LGV Poitiers-Limoges · LGV Sud Europe Atlantique · LGV Bordeaux–Toulouse · LGV Picardie · Lyon Turin Ferroviaire · LGV Normandie · Contournement Nîmes - Montpellier Rolling stock TGV Sud-Est · TGV Atlantique · TGV Réseau · TGV TMST · TGV Duplex · TGV Thalys PBKA · TGV POS International services Artésia · Eurostar · Elipsos · TGV Lyria · Thalys Associated high-speed lines  High Speed 1 ·  HSL 1 ·  HSL 2 ·  HSL 3 ·  Cologne-Aachen ·  HSL 4 ·  HSL-Zuid ·  LGV Perpignan-Figueres Export trainsets AVE Class 100 · KTX-I  · Acela Other stations · TGV accidents · LGV construction · LGV signalling · TGV history v · d · eHigh-speed railway lines East Asia Japan Kyushu · Sanyō · Tōkaidō · Jōetsu · Nagano · Tōhoku China Qinhuangdao–Shenyang · Hefei–Nanjing · Beijing–Tianjin · Qingdao–Jinan · Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan · Hefei–Wuhan · Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou · Wenzhou–Fuzhou · Wuhan–Guangzhou · Zhengzhou–Xi'an · Fuzhou–Xiamen · Chengdu–Dujiangyan · Shanghai–Nanjing · Nanchang–Jiujiang · Shanghai–Hangzhou · Hainan Eastern Ring · Changchun–Jilin South Korea Gyeongbu HSR Taiwan Taipei–Kaohsiung Europe Belgium HSL 1 · HSL 2 · HSL 3 · HSL 4 France LGV Sud-Est · LGV Est · LGV Atlantique · LGV Rhône-Alpes · LGV Nord · LGV Interconnexion Est · LGV Méditerranée · Perpignan-Figueres Germany Cologne–Düren · Cologne–Frankfurt · Hanover–Würzburg · Mannheim–Stuttgart · Rastatt–Offenburg · Wolfsburg–Berlin · Nuremberg–Ingolstadt Italy Turin–Milan · Milan–Bologna · Bologna–Florence · Florence–Rome · Rome–Naples · Naples–Salerno Netherlands HSL-Zuid Norway Gardermoen Line Spain Madrid–Barcelona · Madrid–Sevilla · Córdoba–Malaga · Madrid–Valladolid · Madrid–Toledo · Figueres–Perpignan · Madrid–Valencia · Motilla–Albacete Turkey Sincan–Eskişehir United Kingdom High Speed 1 North America United States Northeast Corridor v · d · e Magistrale for Europe Paris–Strasbourg · Strasbourg–Appenweier · Appenweier–Bruchsal · Bruchsal–Stuttgart · Stuttgart–Augsburg · Augsburg–Munich · Munich–Rosenheim–Salzburg / Munich–Mühldorf–Salzburg · Salzburg–Vienna · Vienna–Bratislava / Budapest References ^ RFF - Map of electrified railway linesPDF ^ (French) ^ Colin Taylor (September 2007). "TGV Est lifts the record". Railway Gazette International.  ^ (French) ^ (German)"Premiernfahrt nach Paris". Deutsche Bahn AG. Archived from the original on 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2007-12-06.  ^ (German) Staff writer (2006). Die Bahn am Ball. Deutsche Bahn AG. p. 96.  ^ ^ ^ (French) ^ (French) ^ German news - Expatica ^ ^ "2001-02-01". Retrieved 2010-11-23.  ^ Associated Press (2007-04-03). "French Train Hits 357 MPH Breaking World Speed Record". Fox News.,2933,263542,00.html. Retrieved 2007-04-03.  ^ "Official 2007 Record Website". Retrieved 2007-04-03.  External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: LGV Est (English) LGV Est : key project steps & construction progress (English) LGV Est webpage (French) LGV Est Tests and preparations (French) Site for the grand opening on March 15 (French) Interior design proposal, Christian Lacroix's having been adopted (French) Special search engine (English) LGV Est Information and Pictures