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This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. The talk page may contain suggestions. (May 2008) Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold Live album by Sun Ra Released 1976 Recorded June 15, 1964 Genre Jazz Label Saturn ESP Disk (extended reissue) Professional reviews Allmusic link Sun Ra chronology Live at Montreux (1976) Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold (1976) Visions (1978) Featuring Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold is a jazz album by Sun Ra, recorded live in 1964, but not released until 1976, on Ra and Alton Abraham's El Saturn label. The record documents the earliest known recorded performance of "The Shadow World" (here reverse-named as "The World Shadow"), a complex structured piece which was to feature on several of Ra's better known records of subsequent years, notably The Magic City. It is an unusual item in the Ra discography, because tenor saxophonist Pharoah Sanders replaces John Gilmore, a mainstay of the Arkestra for most of its existence; at the time, he was working in other contexts, with the pianists Paul Bley and Andrew Hill, and drummer Art Blakey.[1] Before releasing the recording, Sun Ra said "It should be very interesting to the world to show what the pre-Coltrane Pharoah Sanders was like" [2] Also featured is the obscure flautist, Black Harold (Harold Murray) [3], who takes a solo, vocalising through his flute, Rashaan Roland Kirk-style, on 'The Voice of Pan' (continuing into 'Dawn over Israel.') Despite being Sanders' only recording with Sun Ra, he is not a major presence, taking only one solo on the first track. Ra himself plays several short piano solos and introductions. Alan Silva also has a brief bass solo, and alto saxophonist Marshall Allen provides his customary fireworks. The music is mostly in the experimental, free-jazz mould, and though not quite as radical and challenging as 'The Magic City', it is mostly dense and uncompromising (though that is not to say there is no variety - there are plenty of quiet interludes as well). Contents 1 Critical views 2 Track listing 3 Personnel and Recording details 4 References 5 External links // Critical views The recording is criticised by Pierro Scaruffi, who writes: "[During the 60s, Ra's] albums became more irrational and experimental. Strange Strings (1966)...was still accessible compared with Featuring Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold (June 1964), released in 1976, whose The Voice of Pan and Dawn Over Israel were childish orgies of random sounds."[4] Sean Westergaard's review on similarly describes it as "more of a curio than a great listening experinece, and probably best left for the Ra and Pharoah Sanders completists." [5] Additionally, it is an extremely rare album (although digitised versions have circulated on internet blogs and filesharing services), and is also very short in length (no more than 25 minutes). The album was reissued by ESP Disk in 2009, adding 5 stereo live tracks to the 6 original mono tracks. Track listing "Gods on a Safari" (Ra) "The World Shadow (incl. Rocket Number 9)" (Ra) "The Voice of Pan" (Ra) "Dawn over Israel (incl. Space Mates)" (Ra) Personnel and Recording details Pharoah Sanders - Sax (Tenor); Black Harold - flute; Sun Ra - Piano, electric celeste; Al Evans - trumpet, flugelhorn; Chris Capers - trumpet; Teddy Nance - trombone; Bernard Pettaway - trombone Robert Northern - French horn; Marshall Allen - alto sax, flute; Danny Davis - alto sax, flute; Robert Cummings - bass clarinet; Pat Patrick - baritone sax; Alan Silva - bass, cello; Clifford Jarvis - drums; Art Jenkins- space voice Catalogue Number: Saturn IHNY 165. Recorded live at the Cellar Cafe, New York 15/6/64, by Paul Haines (just before the 'October revolution in jazz', which took place at the Cellar Cafe in October of that year, and in which both Haines and Sun Ra were involved). Date and location details supplied by Ahmed Abdullah in an interview on WKCR (1965 and 1968 are often incorrectly mentioned in discographies). The ESP Disk reissue (ESP 4054) gives the recording date as December 31 1964 at Judson Hall, New Yrk. References ^ allmusic ((( Featuring Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold > Overview ))) ^ Cited in Wilmer, Val (1977). As serious as your life: The story of the new jazz. Quartet books. pp. 89. ISBN 0704331640.  ^ Szwed, John F. (1998). Space Is the Place: The Lives and Times of Sun Ra. Da Capo Press. pp. 205. ISBN 978-0306808555.  ^ The History of Jazz Music. Sun Ra: biography, discography, review, links ^ allmusic ((( Featuring Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold > Overview ))) External links Sun Ra Discography Pharoah Sanders Discography Piero Scaruffi on Sun Ra v • d • e Sun Ra (discography) Arkestra Members John Gilmore · Julian Priester · Pat Patrick · Charles Davis  · Victor Sproles · Marshall Allen · Ronnie Boykins · James Spaulding · Phil Cohran · Clifford Jarvis · Lex Humphries · June Tyson · Ahmed Abdullah Chicago Period studio albums Jazz by Sun Ra · Super-Sonic Jazz · Sound of Joy · Visits Planet Earth · The Nubians of Plutonia · Jazz in Silhouette · Sound Sun Pleasure!! · Interstellar Low Ways · Fate in a Pleasant Mood · Holiday for Soul Dance · Angels and Demons at Play · We Travel the Space Ways New York Period studio albums The Futuristic Sounds of Sun Ra · Bad and Beautiful · Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow · Secrets of the Sun · When Sun Comes Out · Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy · When Angels Speak of Love · Other Planes of There · The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume One · The Magic City · The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume Two · Strange Strings · Monorails and Satellites · Atlantis Philadelphia Period studio albums Space Is The Place · Space Is the Place (soundtrack) · Deep Purple · Visions · Lanquidity · Reflections in Blue · Hours After · Blue Delight · Purple Night · Mayan Temples Live albums Nothing Is · Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold · Live in Egypt 1 · Nidhamu · Horizon · Live In Montreux · Sunrise in Different Dimensions