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ORP Jastrząb ("Hawk") was a Holland-type S-class submarine, originally of the United States Navy, in Polish service between 1941 and 1942, when she was lost to friendly fire. She was laid down in October 1918 as USS S-25, and launched in 1922. In 1940 she was set aside as a training vessel, and then earmarked for transfer to the Royal Navy under Lend-Lease. She was decommissioned from the US Navy on 4 November 1941, and simultaneously transferred to the Royal Navy as HMS P551; shortly thereafter she was loaned to the exiled Polish government, and entered service with the Polish Navy under Lieutenant Commander Bolesław Romanowski, due to a lack of trained submarine crews in the Royal Navy at the time. During the passage of convoy PQ-15 to Murmansk, Jastrząb on 2 May 1942 was mistakenly engaged by the destroyer HNoMS St. Albans and the minesweeper HMS Seagull. She was attacked with depth charges and made to surface, there she was strafed with the loss of five crew and six injured, including the commander. The ship was damaged and had to be scuttled, near 71°30′N 12°32′E / 71.5°N 12.533°E / 71.5; 12.533Coordinates: 71°30′N 12°32′E / 71.5°N 12.533°E / 71.5; 12.533. The incident is a matter of some controversy. One source [1] states Jastrząb was escorting PQ 15, ie travelling with the convoy. Others however [2][3] state she was covering PQ 15’s passage by patrolling the Norwegian coast against a sortie by German capital ships, one of five submarines so assigned. These sources state Jastrząb was out of position; Pertek however states that it was the convoy which was out of position, and other sources confirm the convoy had altered course to avoid ice. However the position of the incident, 200 miles from the Norwegian coast is inconsistent with a mission to patrol that coast, typically no more than 10 to 20 miles out. Pertek also states Jastrząb was fired upon despite showing yellow recognition smoke candles; however other sources do not confirm this. Finally Pertek states the commanders of St Albans and Seagull were found guilty at a court martial over the incident; Kemp states that the court of enquiry (a normal procedure following the loss aof a ship) found no blame could be attributed to either commander. It is not possible to reconcile these accounts. Notes ^ Pertek ^ Kemp p47 ^ Schofield p60 References (Polish) Jerzy Pertek, Wielkie dni małej floty, Poznań, 1976. Paul Kemp : Convoy! Drama in Arctic Waters (1993) ISBN 1-85409-130-1 Bernard Schofield : (1964) The Russian Convoys BT Batsford ISBN (none) See also List of World War II ships ORP Orzeł, another Polish submarine lost during World War II. v • d • e S-class submarine  United States Navy Prototypes S-1 (Holland design) · S-2 (Lake design) · S-3 (Navy design) Navy (S-3) Group S-4 · S-5 · S-6 · S-7 · S-8 · S-9 · S-10 · S-11 · S-12 · S-13 · S-14 · S-15 · S-16 · S-17 Holland (S-1) Group S-18 · S-19 · S-20 · S-21 · S-22 · S-23 · S-24 · S-25 · S-26 · S-27 · S-28 · S-29 · S-30 · S-31 · S-32 · S-33 · S-34 · S-35 · S-36 · S-37 · S-38 · S-39 · S-40 · S-41 Second Holland (S-42) Group S-42 · S-43 · S-44 · S-45 · S-46 · S-47 Second Navy (S-48) Group S-48 · S-49 · S-50 · S-51   Other operators  Polish Navy Jastrząb (ex-P551, S-25)  Royal Navy P551 (ex-S-25) · P552 (ex-S-1) · P553 (ex-S-21) · P554 (ex-S-22) · P555 (ex-S-24) · P556 (ex-S-29) Preceded by: R class - Followed by: V-boats List of submarines of the United States Navy · List of submarine classes of the United States Navy