Your IP: 18.207.132.114 United States Near: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

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This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2008) Please help improve this article by expanding it. Further information might be found on the talk page. (January 2007) International standards are standards developed by international standards organizations. International standards are available for consideration and use, worldwide. The most prominent organisation is the International Organization for Standardization. International standards may be used either by direct application or by a process of modifying an international standard to suit local conditions. The adoption of international standards results in the creation of equivalent, national standards that are substantially the same as international standards in technical content, but may have (i) editorial differences as to appearance, use of symbols and measurement units, substitution of a point for a comma as the decimal marker, and (ii) differences resulting from conflicts in governmental regulations or industry-specific requirements caused by fundamental climatic, geographical, technological, or infrastructural factors, or the stringency of safety requirements that a given standard authority considers appropriate. International standards is one way of overcoming technical barriers in international commerce caused by differences among technical regulations and standards developed independently and separately by each nation, national standards organisation, or company. Technical barriers arise when different groups come together, each with a large user base, doing some well established thing that between them is mutually incompatible. Establishing international standards is one way of preventing or overcoming this problem. There are many organisations that establish and implement standards. American Petroleum Institute (API) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) British Standards Institution (BSI) European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA), List of Ecma standards International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), List of IEC standards International Organization for Standardization (ISO), List of ISO standards International System of Units (SI Units) International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) Universal Postal Union (UPU), Catalogue of UPU Standards See also List of international common standards List of technical standard organisations Open standard Standardisation External links American National Standards Institute American Petroleum Institute American Society for Testing and Materials Automotive Industry Action Group British Standards Institution Bureau of Indian Standards European Association for Standardizing Information and Communication Systems European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation European Computer Manufacturers Association German Institute for Standardization Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits International Electrotechnical Commission International Media Grid Standards Organisation International Organization for Standardization International Telecommunication Union Internet Engineering Task Force Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards Society for Automotive Engineers Universal Postal Union