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This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2007) Boundary of the Interior Plateau (shown including Okanagan, Shuswap and Quesnel Highlands) The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of central British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west. The continuation of the plateau into the United States is known there as the Columbia Plateau. The Interior Plateau is not part of the Interior Mountains, a huge area that constitutes most of the northern two thirds of the Canadian province of British Columbia between the Coast Mountains, Rocky Mountains and the various small ranges on the inland lea of the Coast Mountains between the Bulkley Ranges and the Bella Coola River. Physiographically, the Interior Plateau is a section of the larger Northern Plateaus province, which in turn is part of the Intermontane Plateaus physiographic division. Contents 1 Subdivisions 2 Mountain Ranges 3 History of the Interior Plateau 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading Subdivisions It has several subdivisions, these being: The Fraser Plateau The Chilcotin Plateau The Cariboo Plateau The Bonaparte Plateau (part of the Thompson Plateau in some definitions, and also known as the Kamloops Plateau) The Nechako Plateau The McGregor Plateau The Thompson Plateau The Cariboo and Chilcotin Plateaus are separate by the Fraser River. The Nechako Plateau flanks the Fraser on both sides; its southern boundary is defined by the West Road River (aka the Blackwater River) and the Quesnel River, and its northern boundary are the Omineca Mountains and the Cassiar Mountains, which are two major subdivisions of the Interior Mountains. Mountain Ranges Several mountain ranges and hill-systems are included in the definition of this region. Among these are: the Pavilion Range includes: The Clear Range (includes the Scarped Range) The Marble Range The Cornwall Hills (not formally part of the Pavilion Range, but adjoining the Clear Range on its east) The Trachyte Hills (not formally part of the Pavilion Range, but adjoining the Clear and Marble Ranges on their east) The Arrowstone Hills (SW edge of the Bonaparte Plateau) The Rainbow Range (sometimes assigned to either the Pacific Ranges or Kitimat Ranges subranges of the Coast Mountains) The Itcha Range The Ilgachuz Range The Quanchus Range (western edge of the Nechako Plateau, in the midst of the Nechako Reservoir/Ootsa Lake) The Telegraph Range (Nechako Plateau) The Fawnie Range (Nechako Plateau) The Pattullo Range (sometimes classified as part of the Hazelton Mountains) Some classifications systems assign the Pattullo Range to the Hazelton Mountains, which are part of the larger Skeena Mountains complex, but then theoretically also is the Quanchus Range. Also, the Cariboo Mountains are sometimes included as part of the Interior Plateau. Three areas liminal to the plateau, i.e. sometimes considered part of it rather than the adjoining mountain ranges, are the Shuswap Highland, Okanagan Highland and Quesnel Highland. History of the Interior Plateau The location of the Interior Plateau in North America is between the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Coast Ranges. It is cut by the basins and tributaries of two rivers: the Columbia and the Fraser. The northern region is largely wooded, except in lowland and more southerly areas which resemble the sagebrush grasslands which typify the southern part of the plateau in the Columbia drainage. The first documented human presence was in 8500 BC. Bison remains, Clovis and other fluted points date back to this time frame. An important sites in the area is at Wenatchee site (located in Washington). The Windust phase is dated between 10600 BC and 7100 BC. At the Lind Coulee Archaeological Site in east-central Washington, leaf-shaped projectile points and knives date between 8500-5500 BC. Based on archaeological evidence, it is suggested that these people were hunters, subsisting also from fishing and plant gathering. The presence of sea shells gives an indication that trading took place. A small oval shaped dwelling was also found at the Paulina Lake site in Oregon, dating to 7100 BC. The Cascade phase took place from 7100-4300 BC, and was marked by a slight change in toolkit technology from the Windust peoples. A residential structure was found for this group, dating between 5500-4300 BC. Other pithouses followed between 4000-2000 BC. Most residential structures are located on rivers. During the historic era, plants and salmon were the staple foods, which give us an indication that Cascade groups harvested salmon runs in the summer and fall. The Late Period, dated to about 2500 BC, the pithouse (quiggly hole) came into existence. Other markers of this period include the increasing number of pithouses and settlements. Fishing continued to increase, and technology advanced, introducing more specialized barb fish spears and composite toggling harpoons. Other technology was used as well, including nets and weirs. Trade networks also flourished during this time, using sea shells, turquoise, fish grease and others. See also Geography of Canada portal Columbia River Plateau Chilcotin Group References "Interior Plateau". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/9909.html.  Further reading Fagan, Brian M. Ancient North America. London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 2005 v · d · e  Plateaus and Highlands of British Columbia Interior Plateau Fraser · Chilcotin · Cariboo · Bonaparte  · Shuswap  · Quesnel  · Okanagan · Thompson · Nechako  · McGregor · Dil-Dil Stikine Plateau Tahltan · Tagish · Tanzilla · Klastline · Nahlin · Kawdy  · Taku  · Spatsizi  · Arctic Lake · Big Raven · Kitsu · Nicoamen Yukon Plateau Dease · Nisutlin  · Teslin Vancouver Island Forbidden v · d · eGeography History · Index/Outline  · Portal Branches Physical Biogeography · Climatology · Coastal · Environmental · Geodesy · Geomorphology · Glaciology · Hydrology · Landscape ecology · Limnology · Oceanography · Palaeogeography · Pedology · Quaternary science Human Behavioral · Cultural · Demography · Development · Economic · Feminist · Health · Historical · Political · Regional · Urban Techniques and tools Cartography · Geographic Information Systems (GIS) · Geostatistics · Global Positioning System (GPS) · Remote sensing · Spatial analysis · Qualitative research Societies American Geographical Society · Association of American Geographers · European Geography Association · Geographical Association · Hong Kong Geographical Association · International Geographical Union · National Geographic Society · Royal Canadian Geographical Society · Royal Geographical Society · Royal Scottish Geographical Society · Russian Geographical Society · Saudi Geographical Society · Société de Géographie · Society of Woman Geographers Geographers Ptolemy · Gerardus Mercator · Carl Ritter · Alexander Von Humboldt · Alfred Russel Wallace · Richard Chorley v · d · eSubfields of physical geography Biogeography · Climatology / Paleoclimatology · Coastal geography · Edaphology · Geomorphology · Glaciology · Hydrology / Hydrography · Landscape ecology · Limnology · Oceanography · Palaeogeography · Pedology · Quaternary science v · d · e Canada History Timeline Pre-colonization · New France (1534-1763) · British Canada (1763-1867) · Post-Confederation (1867-1914) · World Wars and Interwar Years (1914-1945) · Modern times: 1945-1960 · 1960-1981 · 1982-1992 · since 1992 Topics Constitutional  · Crown & Aboriginals  · Economic  · Former colonies & territories  · Immigration Military  · Monarchical  · National Historic Sites  · Persons of significance  · Territorial evolution Provinces & Territories Provinces Alberta · British Columbia · Manitoba · New Brunswick · Newfoundland and Labrador · Nova Scotia · Ontario · Prince Edward Island · Quebec · Saskatchewan Territories Northwest Territories · Nunavut · Yukon Government Law · Constitution · The Crown · Governor General · Parliament (Senate · House of Commons) · Prime Minister (List) Courts (Supreme Court) · Military · Local Government · Foreign relations · Law enforcement Politics Elections · Gun politics · LGBT rights · Multiculturalism Geography Regions (west to east) Coast Mountains · Interior Plateau · Columbia Mountains · Rocky Mountains · Prairies · Western Canada · Northern Canada · Canadian Shield · Great Lakes · Central Canada · Saint Lawrence Lowlands · Appalachian Mountains · Arctic Cordillera · Atlantic Canada · Maritimes Topics Animals · Cities · Extreme communities · Islands · Mountains · National parks · Plants · Great Lakes · Regions · Rivers · Volcanoes Economy Agriculture · Banking · Bank of Canada · Canadian dollar · Communications · Companies · Energy · Fishing · Oil · Stock Exchange · Taxation · Tourism · Transportation · Social programs · Poverty Society Education · Health care · Crime · Obesity  · Smoking Demographics Topics Canadians  · Immigration · Languages · Religion · 1996 Census · 2001 Census · 2006 Census · Population by year Top 100s Metro areas · Urban areas · Municipalities Culture Architecture · Art · Cinema · Cuisine · People · Holidays · Identity · Literature · Music · Nationalism · Protection of · Sport · Theatre Symbols Coat of Arms · Flags · National Flag · Provincial and territorial · Regional tartans · Royal symbols · Heraldry Related Bibliography · Index · Outline · Topics Book  · Category  · Portal  · WikiProject Coordinates: 52°00′00″N 123°00′00″W / 52°N 123°W / 52; -123