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The histamine receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors with histamine as their endogenous ligand.[1] There are four known histamine receptors: H1 receptor H2 receptor H3 receptor H4 receptor Comparison Histamine receptors Receptor Mechanism Function Antagonists H1 Gq ileum contraction modulate circadian cycle itching systemic vasodilatation bronchoconstriction (asthma) H1-receptor antagonists Diphenhydramine Loratadine Cetirizine Fexofenadine H2 Gs ↑ Ca2+ speed up sinus rhythm Stimulation of gastric acid secretion Smooth muscle relaxation Inhibit antibody synthesis, T-cell proliferation and cytokine production H2-receptor antagonists Ranitidine Cimetidine H3 Gi Neurotransmitter in CNS Presynaptic autoreceptors H3-receptor antagonists ABT-239 Ciproxifan Clobenpropit Thioperamide H4 Gi mediate mast cell chemotaxis.[2] H4-receptor antagonists Thioperamide JNJ 7777120 There are several splice variants of H3 present in various species. Though all of the receptors are 7-transmembrane g protein coupled receptors, H1 and H2 are quite different from H3 and H4 in their activities. H1 causes an increase in PIP2 hydrolysis, H2 stimulates gastric acid secretion, and H3 mediates feedback inhibition of histamine. References ^ Hill SJ, Ganellin CR, Timmerman H, Schwartz JC, Shankley NP, Young JM, Schunack W, Levi R, Haas HL (1997). "International Union of Pharmacology. XIII. Classification of histamine receptors". Pharmacol. Rev. 49 (3): 253–78. PMID 9311023. http://pharmrev.aspetjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/49/3/253.  ^ Hofstra CL, Desai PJ, Thurmond RL, Fung-Leung WP (2003). "Histamine H4 receptor mediates chemotaxis and calcium mobilization of mast cells". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 305 (3): 1212–21. doi:10.1124/jpet.102.046581. PMID 12626656.  External links "Histamine Receptors". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. http://www.iuphar-db.org/GPCR/ChapterMenuForward?chapterID=1287.  Holger Stark: Histamine Receptors, BIOTREND Reviews No. 01, November 2007 The Histamine Receptor MeSH Histamine+Receptor v · d · eCell surface receptor: G protein-coupled receptors Class A: Rhodopsin like Neurotransmitter Adrenergic α1 (A, B, D) · α2 (A, B, C) · β1 · β2 · β3 Purinergic Adenosine (A1, A2A, A2B, A3) · P2Y (1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14) Serotonin (all but 5-HT3) 5-HT1 (A, B, D, E, F) · 5-HT2 (A, B, C) · 5-HT (4, 5A, 6, 7) Other Acetylcholine (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5) · Dopamine (D1, D2, D3, D4, D5) · Histamine (H1, H2, H3, H4) · Melatonin (1A, 1B, 1C) · TAAR (1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9) Metabolites and signaling molecules Eicosanoid CysLT (1, 2) · LTB4 (1, 2) · FPRL1 · OXE · Prostaglandin (DP (1, 2), EP (1, 2, 3, 4), FP) · Prostacyclin · Thromboxane Other Bile acid · Cannabinoid (CB1, CB2, GPR (18, 55, 119)) · EBI2 · Estrogen · Free fatty acid (1, 2, 3, 4) · Lactate  · Lysophosphatidic acid (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)  · Lysophospholipid (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) · Niacin (1, 2) · Oxoglutarate · PAF · Sphingosine-1-phosphate (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) · Succinate Peptide Neuropeptide B/W (1, 2) · FF (1, 2) · S · Y (1, 2, 4, 5) · Neuromedin (B, U (1, 2)) · Neurotensin (1, 2) Other Anaphylatoxin (C3a, C5a) · Angiotensin (1, 2) · Apelin · Bombesin (BRS3, GRPR, NMBR) · Bradykinin (B1, B2) · Chemokine · Cholecystokinin (A, B) · Endothelin (A, B) · Formyl peptide (1, 2, 3) · FSH · Galanin (1, 2, 3) · GHB receptor · Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (1, 2) · Ghrelin · Kisspeptin · Luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin · MAS (1, 1L, D, E, F, G, X1, X2, X3, X4) · Melanocortin (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) · MCHR (1, 2) · Motilin · Opioid (Delta, Kappa, Mu, Nociceptin & Zeta, but not Sigma) · Orexin (1, 2) · Oxytocin · Prokineticin (1, 2) · Prolactin-releasing peptide · Relaxin (1, 2, 3, 4) · Somatostatin (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) · Tachykinin (1, 2, 3) · Thyrotropin · Thyrotropin-releasing hormone · Urotensin-II · Vasopressin (1A, 1B, 2) Miscellaneous Orphan GPR (1, 3, 4, 6, 12, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 42, 44, 45, 50, 52, 55, 61, 62, 63, 65, 68, 75, 77, 78, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 92, 101, 103, 109A, 109B, 119, 120, 132, 135, 137B, 139, 141, 142, 146, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 160, 161, 162, 171, 173, 174, 176, 177, 182, 183) Other Adrenomedullin · Olfactory · Opsin (3, 4, 5, 1LW, 1MW, 1SW, RGR, RRH) · Protease-activated (1, 2, 3, 4) · SREB (1, 2, 3) Class B: Secretin like Orphan GPR (56, 64, 97, 98, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 133, 143, 144, 155, 157) Other Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor (1, 2, 3) · Cadherin (1, 2, 3) · Calcitonin · CALCRL · CD97 · Corticotropin-releasing hormone (1, 2) · EMR (1, 2, 3) · Glucagon (GR, GIPR, GLP1R, GLP2R) · Growth hormone releasing hormone · PACAPR1 · GPR · Latrophilin (1, 2, 3, ELTD1) · Methuselah-like proteins · Parathyroid hormone (1, 2) · Secretin · Vasoactive intestinal peptide (1, 2) Class C: Metabotropic glutamate / pheromone Taste TAS1R (1, 2, 3) · TAS2R (1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20, 30, 31, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 50) Other Calcium-sensing receptor · GABA B (1, 2) · Glutamate receptor (Metabotropic glutamate (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)) · GPRC6A · GPR (156, 158, 179) · RAIG (1, 2, 3, 4) Class F: Frizzled / Smoothened Frizzled Frizzled (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) Smoothened Smoothened B trdu: iter (nrpl/grfl/cytl/horl), csrc (lgic, enzr, gprc, igsr, intg, nrpr/grfr/cytr), itra (adap, gbpr, mapk), calc, lipd; path (hedp, wntp, tgfp+mapp, notp, jakp, fsap, hipp, tlrp) v · d · eHistaminergics Receptor ligands H1 Agonists: 2-Pyridylethylamine • Betahistine • Histamine • HTMT • UR-AK49 Antagonists: 1st generation: 4-Methyldiphenhydramine • Alimemazine • Antazoline • Azatadine • Bamipine • Benzatropine (Benztropine) • Bepotastine • Bromazine • Brompheniramine • Buclizine • Captodiame • Carbinoxamine • Chlorcyclizine • Chloropyramine • Chlorothen • Chlorphenamine • Chlorphenoxamine • Cinnarizine • Clemastine • Clobenzepam • Clocinizine • Cyclizine • Cyproheptadine • Dacemazine • Deptropine • Dexbrompheniramine • Dexchlorpheniramine • Dimenhydrinate • Dimetindene • Diphenhydramine • Diphenylpyraline • Doxylamine • Embramine • Etybenzatropine (Ethylbenztropine) • Etymemazine • Histapyrrodine • Homochlorcyclizine • Hydroxyethylpromethazine • Hydroxyzine • Isopromethazine • Isothipendyl • Meclozine • Mepyramine (Pyrilamine) • Mequitazine • Methafurylene • Methapyrilene • Methdilazine • Moxastine • Niaprazine • Orphenadrine • Oxatomide • Oxomemazine • Phenindamine • Pheniramine • Phenyltoloxamine • Pimethixene • Piperoxan • Promethazine • Propiomazine • Pyrrobutamine • Talastine • Thenalidine • Thenyldiamine • Thiazinamium • Thonzylamine • Tolpropamine • Tripelennamine • Triprolidine; 2nd generation: Acrivastine • Astemizole • Azelastine • Cetirizine • Clemizole • Clobenztropine • Ebastine • Emedastine • Epinastine • Ketotifen • Latrepirdine • Levocabastine • Loratadine • Mebhydrolin • Mizolastine • Olopatadine • Rupatadine • Setastine • Terfenadine; 3rd generation: Desloratadine • Fexofenadine • Levocetirizine; Miscellaneous: Tricyclic Antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Doxepin, Trimipramine, etc) • Tetracyclic Antidepressants (Mianserin, Mirtazapine, etc) • Serotonin Antagonists and Reuptake Inhibitors (Trazodone, Nefazodone) • Typical Antipsychotics (Chlorpromazine, Thioridazine, etc) • Atypical Antipsychotics (Clozapine, Olanzapine, Quetiapine, etc) H2 Agonists: Amthamine • Betazole • Dimaprit • Histamine • HTMT • Impromidine • UR-AK49 Antagonists: Bisfentidine • Burimamide • Cimetidine • Dalcotidine • Donetidine • Ebrotidine • Etintidine • Famotidine • Lafutidine • Lamtidine • Lavoltidine/Loxtidine • Lupitidine • Metiamide • Mifentidine • Niperotidine • Nizatidine • Osutidine • Oxmetidine • Pibutidine • Quisultidine/Quisultazine • Ramixotidine • Ranitidine • Roxatidine • Sufotidine • Tiotidine • Tuvatidine • Venritidine • Zaltidine H3 Agonists: α-Methylhistamine • Cipralisant • Histamine • Imetit • Immepip • Immethridine • Methimepip • Proxyfan Antagonists: A-349,821 • A-423,579 • ABT-239 • Betahistine • Burimamide • Ciproxifan • Clobenpropit • Conessine • GSK-189,254 • Impentamine • Iodophenpropit • JNJ-5,207,852 • MK-0249 • NNC-38-1,049 • PF-03654746 • SCH-79,687 • Thioperamide • Tiprolisant • VUF-5,681 H4 Agonists: 4-Methylhistamine • Histamine • VUF-8,430 Antagonists: JNJ-7,777,120 • Thioperamide • VUF-6,002 Reuptake inhibitors Vesicular VMAT inhibitors Ibogaine • Reserpine • Tetrabenazine Enzyme inhibitors Anabolism HDC inhibitors α-FMH • Brocresine • Catechin • Cyanidanol-3 • McN-A-1293 • ME • Meciadanol • Naringenin • Thiazol-4-yimethoxyamine • Tritoqualine • Zy-15,029 Catabolism HNMT inhibitors Amodiaquine • BW-301U • Diphenhydramine • Harmaline • Metoprine • Quinacrine • SKF-91,488 • Tacrine DAO inhibitors 1,4-Diamino-2-butyne • Aminoguanidine Others Precursors L-Histidine Cofactors Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal → Pyridoxal phosphate)