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Hughie Jennings Infielder / Manager Born: April 2, 1869(1869-04-02) Pittston, Pennsylvania Died: February 1, 1928(1928-02-01) (aged 58) Pittston, Pennsylvania Batted: Right Threw: Right  MLB debut June 1, 1891 for the Louisville Colonels Last MLB appearance September 2, 1918 for the Detroit Tigers Career statistics Games*     2203 Wins*     1184 Pennants*     4 Teams As Player Louisville Colonels (1891-1893) Baltimore Orioles (1893-1899) Brooklyn Superbas (1899-1900,1903) Philadelphia Phillies (1901-1902) Detroit Tigers (1907,1909,1912,1918) As Manager Detroit Tigers (1907-1920) New York Giants (1924-1925) Career highlights and awards Baseball Hall of Fame Inductee (1945) .314 career batting average * - Statistics as Manager Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame Induction     1945 Election Method     Veteran's Committee Hugh Ambrose Jennings (April 2, 1869 – February 1, 1928) was a Major League Baseball player and manager from 1891 to 1925. Jennings was a leader, both as a batter and as a shortstop, with the Baltimore Orioles teams that won National League championships in 1894, 1895, and 1896. During the three championship seasons, Jennings had 355 RBIs and hit .335, .386, and .401. Jennings was a fiery, hard-nosed player who was not afraid to be hit by a pitch to get on base. Also in 1896, he was hit by a pitch 51 times – a major league record that has never been broken. Jennings also holds the career record for being hit by a pitch with 287, with Craig Biggio (who retired in 2007) holding the modern day career record of 285. Jennings also played on the Brooklyn Superbas teams that won National League pennants in 1899 and 1900. From 1907-1920, Jennings was the manager of the Detroit Tigers, where he was known for his colorful antics, hoots, whistles, and his famous shouts of “Ee-Yah” from the third base coaching box. Jennings suffered a nervous breakdown in 1925 that forced him to leave Major League Baseball. He died in 1928 and was posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945. Contents 1 Early years 2 Baltimore Orioles: 1893-1899 3 Brooklyn Superbas and Philadelphia Phillies: 1899-1903 4 Cornell Law School and an off-season law practice 5 The "Ee-Yah" years: 1907-1920 6 New York Giants: 1921-1925 7 A lifetime of tragic accidents 8 Career statistics 9 See also 10 Notes 11 External links Early years Born in Pittston, Pennsylvania, Jennings was the son of a Scottish mother and James Jennings, a native of County Galway. Jennings worked as a breaker boy (young boys who separated the coal from the slate) in the local anthracite coal mines. He drew attention playing shortstop for a semi-professional baseball team in Lehighton, Pennsylvania in 1890. He was signed by the Louisville Colonels of the American Association in 1891. He stayed with the Colonels when they joined the National League in 1892 and was traded on June 7, 1893 to the Baltimore Orioles. Baltimore Orioles: 1893-1899 Jennings played with the Orioles for parts of seven seasons and became a star during his years in Baltimore. The Baltimore Orioles teams of 1894, 1895, and 1896 are regarded as one of the greatest teams of all time. The teams featured Hall of Fame manager Ned Hanlon and a lineup with six future Hall of Famers: first baseman Dan Brouthers, second baseman John McGraw, shortstop Jennings, catcher Wilbert Robinson, right fielder ”Wee Willie” Keeler, and left fielder Joe Kelley. Baltimore Orioles' HOF players ”Wee Willie” Keeler, Joe Kelley, John McGraw, and Hughie Jennings, circa 1894 During the Orioles’ championship years, Jennings had some of the best seasons ever by a major league shortstop. In 1895, he hit .386, scored 159 runs, collected 204 hits, knocked in 125 runs, and stole 53 bases. In 1896, his performance was even better, as he hit .401 (2nd best in the National League) with 209 hits, 121 RBIs, and 70 stolen bases. The fiery Jennings was also known as one of the most fearless players of his time, allowing himself to be hit by a pitch more than any other player. In one game, he was hit by a pitch three times. In 1896, he was hit by a pitch 51 times—a Major League record that still stands. In just five seasons with the Orioles from 1894–1898, Jennings was hit by a pitch an unprecedented 202 times. During one game, Jennings was hit in the head by a pitch from Amos Rusie the 3rd inning, but managed to finish the game. As soon as the game ended, Jennings collapsed and was unconscious for three days.[1][2] Jennings was also one of the best fielding shortstops of the era. He led the National League in fielding percentage and putouts three times each. He had as many as 537 assists and 425 putouts in single seasons during his prime. His 425 putouts ties him with Donie Bush for the single season record for a shortstop. In 1895, he had a career-high range factor of 6.73—1.19 points higher than the league average (5.54) for shortstops that year. He once handled 20 chances in a game, and on another occasion had 10 assists in a game. In 1898, he threw his arm out, and his career as a shortstop came to an end. After that, Jennings was forced to move to first base. Brooklyn Superbas and Philadelphia Phillies: 1899-1903 In 1899, when manager Ned Hanlon moved to the Brooklyn Superbas, several of his star players, including Jennings, Joe Kelley, and Willie Keeler followed. While Jennings was never the same after the injury to his arm in 1898, he contributed to Brooklyn’s National League pennants in 1899 and 1900. In 1901, Jennings was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies. However, his failing arm cut his career short, as he never played in more than 82 games or hit above .272 in two seasons with the Phillies. Jennings played 6 games for the Superbas in 1903, effectively ending his playing career, with the exception of 9 at bats during his tenure as the manager of the Detroit Tigers. Cornell Law School and an off-season law practice While playing for the Orioles in the 1890s, Jennings and John McGraw both attended classes at St. Bonaventure University. After the 1899 season, Jennings was accepted to Cornell Law School. He managed the Cornell baseball team while studying law and concluded that he was well-suited to being a manager.[3] Jennings continued as a scholar-athlete until the spring of 1904, when he left campus early to manage the Orioles. Though he never finished his law degree at Cornell, Jennings passed the Maryland bar exam in 1905 and started a law practice.[2] He continued to work at his law practice during the off-season through the remainder of his baseball career. The "Ee-Yah" years: 1907-1920 Hughie Jennings was honored alongside the retired numbers of the Detroit Tigers in 2000. In 1907, Jennings was hired as manager of a talented Detroit Tigers team that included future Hall of Famers Ty Cobb and Sam Crawford. Jennings led the Tigers to three consecutive American League pennants, in 1907-08-09. However, Jennings' teams lost the 1907, 1908, and 1909 World Series to the "Tinker to Evers to Chance" Chicago Cubs and Honus Wagner's Pittsburgh Pirates. Jennings continued to manage the Tigers through the 1920 season, though his team never won another pennant. Hughie Jennings with horn in the Tigers dugout During his years as Detroit’s manager, Jennings became famous for his antics, mostly in the third base coaching box, which variously included shouts of “Ee-Yah,” and other whoops, whistles, horns, gyrations, jigs, and grass-plucking. The "Ee-Yah" whoop became his trademark and was accompanied with waves of both arms over his head and a sharp raising of his right knee. In 1907, he was suspended for taunting opponents with a tin whistle.[2] The "Ee-Yah" shouts continued and became such a trademark that Jennings became known as Hughie "Ee-Yah" Jennings, and Detroit fans would shout "Ee-Yah" when Jennings would appear on the field.[1][3] (See also Jack Smile, Ee-yah: The Life And Times Of Hughie Jennings, Baseball Hall Of Famer) Behind the antics was a great coaching mind. Connie Mack called Jennings one of the three greatest managers in history, along with John McGraw and Joe McCarthy.[1] One of his greatest challenges, and accomplishments, during his years in Detroit was to manage the unmanageable -- Ty Cobb. Jennings recognized Cobb’s talent and his complicated psychological makeup and concluded the best strategy would be to let Cobb be Cobb. Jennings reportedly called Cobb aside one day and said: “There isn’t anything about baseball I can teach you. Anything I might say to you would merely hinder you in your development. The only thing for you to do is go ahead and do as you please. Use your own judgment.. . . . . Do what you think is best and I’ll back you up.”[1] In 1912, during a game in which "pick-ups" played for the Tigers when the regular team went on strike to protest the suspension of Cobb after an incident involving a fan in the stands whom Cobb assaulted, Jennings, who also sent his coaches in as substitute players, came to bat himself once as a pinch hitter. According to one source, when the umpire asked him for whom he was batting, Jennings answered, "None of your business." The umpire noted on his lineup sheet, "Jennings--batted for exercise."[4] While Jennings was fiery, hard-nosed, colorful, and even eccentric, he insisted he had always played the game honestly. When a scandal arose in 1926 concerning whether Ty Cobb and Tris Speaker had fixed a 1919 game between Detroit and Cleveland while Jennings was the manager, Jennings initially spoke of how easy it would be to fix a game and issued a "no comment" on the specific game. After his "no comment" drew negative publicity, Jennings issued a statement to the press in December 1926 denying knowledge of the matter and adding: "My slate has been clean base ball for 35 years... Whatever I have done in base ball has been of such a nature that I would be ready any time to go before anyone and place my case before them."[5] After the 1920 season, Jennings stepped down as the Tigers’ manager. His 1,131 wins remained the most in Tigers history until Sparky Anderson passed him. New York Giants: 1921-1925 Jennings signed on as a coach with his old friend, John McGraw, who was managing the New York Giants. Jennings and McGraw, who met as teammates on the Orioles, became close friends. Jennings was the best man at McGraw's wedding and a pallbearer following the death of McGraw's 23-year-old wife in 1899.[6] McGraw and Jennings staged a reunion year after year on their birthdays.[3] When McGraw became ill, Jennings filled in as the Giants' manager for parts of 1924 and 1925. His overall managing record was 1184-995. A lifetime of tragic accidents Jennings’ life was filled with several tragic accidents. There was the beaning incident in Philadelphia that left him unconscious for three days. While attending Cornell, he fractured his skull diving head-first into a swimming pool at night, only to find the pool had been emptied.[1] In December 1911, Jennings came close to death after an off-season automobile accident. While driving a car given to him by admirers, Jennings’ car overturned while crossing a bridge near Goldsboro, Pennsylvania. In the crash, Jennings again fractured his skull, suffered a concussion of the brain, and broke both legs and his left arm. For several days after the accident, doctors were unsure if Jennings would survive.[3] The physical abuse and blows to the head undoubtedly took their toll. During the 1925 season, McGraw was ill, and Jennings was put in full charge of the Giants. The team finished in second place and the strain caught up with Jennings, who suffered a nervous breakdown when the season ended.[3] According to his obituary, Jennings “was unable to report” to spring training in 1926 due to his condition. Jennings retired to the Winyah Sanatorium in Asheville, North Carolina. He did return home to Scranton, Pennsylvania, spending much of his time recuperating in the Pocono Mountains.[3] In early 1928, Jennings died from meningitis in Scranton, Pennsylvania at age 58. Jennings was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945 as a player. Career statistics G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI BB SO SB AVG OBP SLG HBP 1285 4904 994 1527 232 88 18 840 347 117 359 .311 .390 .406 287 See also List of Major League Baseball leaders in career stolen bases 1909 Detroit Tigers season Notes ^ a b c d e | Michigan History at ^ a b c CAM Cornelliana at ^ a b c d e f :: HUGHIE JENNINGS' OBIT at ^ Fireside Book of Baseball, 1956...Edited by Charles Einstein. Story by Bugs Baer; Title not remembered, but may be "1912: Philadelphia Athletics 24, Detroit Tigers 2.", plus at least one other baseball book. In Baseball's Unforgettable Games by Joe Reichler and Ben Olan (1960), the game appears under the title of "The Tigers Strike over Cobb's Suspension"; Jennings is in fact listed in the box score in that book as a pinch-hitter. ^ Al Stump, Cobb: The Life and Times of the Meanest Man Who Ever Played Baseball (1994), pp. 372–373 ^ The Ballplayers - Hughie Jennings | at External links Hughie Jennings at the Baseball Hall of Fame Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube Article in the Cornell Alumni Magazine Detroit News Article: The "Ee-yah Man" New York Times Obituary [The Irish in Baseball:An Early History.,+county+cork&source=bl&ots=OX5pQHyak4&sig=7z8QEFiaUqPOHauGp8NrKWZHhfU&hl=en&ei=8n0sTeyBHsWwhQeLofzxCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=shindle%2C%20county%20cork&f=false] Preceded by Bill Armour Detorit Tigers Manager 1907–1920 Succeeded by Ty Cobb Preceded by John McGraw New York Giants Manager 1924 Succeeded by John McGraw Preceded by John McGraw New York Giants Manager 1925 Succeeded by John McGraw v · d · eBaltimore Orioles 1894 National League Champions Frank Bonner | Steve Brodie | Dan Brouthers | Stub Brown | Boileryard Clarke | Duke Esper | Kid Gleason | Bill Hawke | George Hemming | Hughie Jennings | Willie Keeler | Joe Kelley | John McGraw | Sadie McMahon | Tony Mullane | Heinie Reitz | Wilbert Robinson Manager Ned Hanlon v · d · eBaltimore Orioles 1895 National League Champions Steve Brodie | Scoops Carey | Boileryard Clarke | Dad Clarkson | Duke Esper | Kid Gleason | George Hemming | Bill Hoffer | Hughie Jennings | Willie Keeler | Joe Kelley | John McGraw | Sadie McMahon | Heinie Reitz | Wilbert Robinson Manager Ned Hanlon v · d · eBaltimore Orioles 1896 National League Champions Steve Brodie | Boileryard Clarke | Joe Corbett | Jim Donnelly | Jack Doyle | Duke Esper | George Hemming | Bill Hoffer | Hughie Jennings | Willie Keeler | Joe Kelley | John McGraw | Sadie McMahon | Arlie Pond | Heinie Reitz | Wilbert Robinson | Otis Stocksdale Manager Ned Hanlon v · d · eBrooklyn Superbas 1899 National League Champions John Anderson | Doc Casey | Bill Dahlen | Tom Daly | Jack Dunn | Duke Farrell | Jay Hughes | Hughie Jennings | Fielder Jones | Willie Keeler | Joe Kelley | Brickyard Kennedy | Dan McGann | Deacon McGuire | Doc McJames | Joe Yeager Manager Ned Hanlon v · d · eBrooklyn Superbas 1900 National League Champions Lave Cross | Bill Dahlen | Tom Daly | Gene DeMontreville | Jack Dunn | Duke Farrell | Harry Howell | Hughie Jennings | Fielder Jones | Willie Keeler | Joe Kelley | Brickyard Kennedy | Frank Kitson | Joe McGinnity | Deacon McGuire | Jerry Nops | Jimmy Sheckard | Gus Weyhing Manager Ned Hanlon v · d · eNew York Giants 1921 World Series Champions Dave Bancroft | Jesse Barnes | George Burns | Phil Douglas | Frankie Frisch | George Kelly | Irish Meusel | Art Nehf | Johnny Rawlings | Earl Smith | Frank Snyder | Fred Toney | Ross Youngs Manager John McGraw Coaches: Jesse Burkett | Hughie Jennings | Christy Mathewson Regular season • Rivalry • Subway Series v · d · eNew York Giants 1922 World Series Champions Dave Bancroft | Jesse Barnes | Bill Cunningham | Frankie Frisch | Heinie Groh | George Kelly | Lee King | Hugh McQuillan | Irish Meusel | Art Nehf | Rosy Ryan | Jack Scott | Earl Smith | Frank Snyder | Casey Stengel | Ross Youngs Manager John McGraw Coach Hughie Jennings Regular season • Rivalry • Subway Series v · d · eGeorgia Bulldogs head baseball coaches C. E. Morris (1886) • Unknown (1887–1895) • Hughie Jennings (1896–1899) • Unknown (1900) • Marvin D. Dickinson (1901) • William A. Reynolds (1902–1903) • Marvin D. Dickinson (1904–1905) • Thomas C. Stouch (1906–1907) • Hammond Johnson (1908) • W. J. Lewis (1909) • Frank B. Anderson (1910–1913) • Joe Bean (1914–1916) • J. G. Henderson (1917) • Glenn Colby (1918) • Herman Stegeman & Ivey B. Wingo (1919) • Herman Stegeman (1920) • William P. White (1921–1933) • Vernon Smith (1934–1937) • Jules V. Sikes (1938–1942) • Jennings B. Whitworth (1943) • No team (1944–1945) • Jules V. Sikes (1946–1947) • Charley Trippi (1948–1949) • Jim Whatley (1950) • Nolen Richardson (1951) • Jim Whatley (1952–1975) • Roy Umstattd (1976–1980) • Steve Webber (1981–1996) • Robert Sapp (1997–1999) • Ron Polk (2000–2001) • David Perno (2002– ) v · d · eDetroit Tigers managers Bob Glenalvin (1894) • George Van Haltren (1895) • Con Strouthers (1895–96) • George Stallings (1896) • Bob Allen (1897) • Frank Graves (1897–98) • Ollie Beard (1898) • Tony Mullane (1898) • George Stallings (1898-1901) • Frank Dwyer (1902) • Ed Barrow (1903–04) • Bobby Lowe (1904) • Bill Armour (1905–06) • Hughie Jennings (1907–20) • Ty Cobb (1921–26) • George Moriarty (1927–28) • Bucky Harris (1929–33, 1955–56) • Del Baker (1933, 1936–42) • Mickey Cochrane (1934–38) • Cy Perkins (1937) • Steve O'Neill (1943–48) • Red Rolfe (1949–52) • Fred Hutchinson (1952–54) • Jack Tighe (1957–58) • Bill Norman (1958–59) • Jimmy Dykes (1959–60) • Billy Hitchcock (1960) • Joe Gordon (1960) • Bob Scheffing (1961–63) • Chuck Dressen (1963–66) • Bob Swift (1965–66) • Frank Skaff (1966) • Mayo Smith (1967–70) • Billy Martin (1971–73) • Joe Schultz (1973) • Ralph Houk (1974–78) • Les Moss (1979) • Dick Tracewski (1979) • Sparky Anderson (1979–95) • Buddy Bell (1996–98) • Larry Parrish (1998–99) • Phil Garner (2000–02) • Luis Pujols (2002) • Alan Trammell (2003–05) • Jim Leyland (2006–present) v · d · eBaseball Hall of Fame Class of 1945 BBWAA Vote none Veterans Committee Roger Bresnahan • Dan Brouthers • Fred Clarke • Jimmy Collins • Ed Delahanty • Hugh Duffy • Hughie Jennings • King Kelly • Jim O'Rourke • Wilbert Robinson v · d · eShortstops inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame Aparicio • Appling • Bancroft • Banks • Boudreau • Cronin • Davis • Jackson • Jennings • Lloyd • Maranville • Reese • Ripken • Rizzuto • Sewell • Smith • Tinker • Vaughan • Wagner • Wallace • Ward • Wells • Yount v · d · eMajor League Baseball players who have batted .400 in a season 1876–1899 Ross Barnes · Fred Dunlap · Tip O'Neill · Pete Browning · Hugh Duffy · Tuck Turner · Sam Thompson · Ed Delahanty (3) · Billy Hamilton · Jesse Burkett (2) · Hughie Jennings · Willie Keeler 1900–2010 Nap Lajoie · Ty Cobb (3) · Shoeless Joe Jackson · George Sisler (2) · Rogers Hornsby (3) · Harry Heilmann · Bill Terry · Ted Williams Persondata Name Jennings, Hugh Ambrose Alternative names Short description Major League Baseball player and manager Date of birth April 2, 1869 Place of birth Pittston, Pennsylvania Date of death February 1, 1928 Place of death Pittston, Pennsylvania