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Jhang District —  District  — Map of Punjab, with Jhang District shown in green. Country  Pakistan Province Punjab Capital Jhang city Established Government  - District Nazim Sahibzada Hameed Sultan  - District Naib Nazim Hassan Ali Qazi Area  - Total 8,809 km2 (3,401.2 sq mi) Population (2006)[1]  - Total 3,353,000  - Density 321.8/km2 (833.5/sq mi) Time zone PST (UTC+5) District Council Number of Tehsils 4 Jhang District (Punjabi, Urdu: ضلع جھنگ) is a district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Jhang is the district's capital.[2] According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district's population was 2.8 million, of which 23 percent lived in urban areas.[3] By 2008, according to estimates, the population had risen to 3.5 million.[4] The native language is Punjabi,[5] though Urdu is also spoken in educational institutions. Contents 1 Location and geography 2 Climate and flora 3 Culture and religion 4 Tribes 5 Famous personalities 6 Tomb 7 Education 8 References 9 See also Location and geography Jhang is one of the oldest districts on the subcontinent, having been established around 2,000 BC, when it was known as Jhagi Sial. Jhang is bordered by Sargodha District to the north, Gujranwala District to the northeast, Faisalabad District and Toba Tek Singh District to the east, Khanewal and Muzaffargarh District to the south, Leiah District and Bhakkar District to the west, and Khushab District to the northwest. The district comprises three administrative units, called Tehsils: Chiniot, Shorkot, and Ahmad Pur Sial.[6] Jhang District covers 8,809 km².[7] Almost all the area is cultivatable land except in the north near Rabwah and Chenab Nagar where the land turns rocky as it approaches the Kirana hills. The western portion of the district holds the Thal Desert, which starts in Mari Shah Sakhira and extends to banks of the Jhelum River far to the west in the districts of Khushab and Bhakkar. There is also an area known as the Sandal Bar arising from Pabbarwala near the Gujranwala boundary. "Bar", in the local language, means a forested area where there are no resources for cultivation, like water. This area used to be forested and was unable to be cultivated before British colonial rule, when a canal system was installed near the town of Lyallpur (now Faisalabad), which is now the textile industry hub of Pakistan. Between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab is also a small area of Kirana bar, ending at Ghoriwala village. The area alongside the banks of rivers Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum is called Hitthar (area in which flood water reaches), while the upland area between the bars and Hitthar is called Utar.great person ansar abbas khan baloch s/o natha khan baloch Climate and flora The climate is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in winter. The surface of the district presents three distinct levels (Thal's sand dunes on the extreme west, a low lying river valley in the centre and the Sandal Bar on the extreme east). The rivers of Jhelum and Chanab make their way through the district and Trimmu Head-works is the point of their confluence. Mari Shah Sakhira, a big town in the Thal Desert, is the district's hottest area, sometimes exceeding 50 C in June and July. The district's trees consist of jand (Prosopis spicigera), karir (Capparis aphylla), beri (Zizyphus jujuba), van (Salvadora oleoides), kikar (Acacia nilotica), shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and aak (Calotropois spp).[8] Various herbs can also be found, including harmal, akrey and bathoo. Culture and religion Punjabi folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi originated in Jhang District. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is for women. The district also originated a well-known form of folk music known as "Dhola", or "Jhang da Dhola". Traditionally men wear turbans and dhotis (similar to a skirt or kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress, the shalwar kameez. Some older women also wear dhotis. When women wear dhotis, the style is referred to called "Majhla" in Jhangochi; th male style is called "Dhudder". However, it is more common for women to wear shalwar kameez. Street sports are important in Jhang District and include tent pegging (naiza baazi), kabaddi, volleyball, cricket and football (soccer). In the past, women wove cloth with spinning wheels – known as Teeyan and Trinjan – but now that the area is industrialized the practice is no longer common. The northwestern Jhang District, particularly the area at the west bank of the Jhelum River, is somewhat different in its culture because it is more influenced by the Thalochi culture emanating from the neighboring districts of Mianwali and Bhakkar . Jhang District is predominantly Sunni Muslim, with a significant Sunni population and a small number of Ahmadiyya. There is a sizable Christian minority also. Among the majority Sunnis, the Barelvi school of thought has a major influence. Maulana Haq Nawaz Jhangvi Shaeed was another prominent and controversial leader from Jhang who created Anjuman-e-Spahe-e-Sohaba (A.S.S), which the United Nations has now banned. Jhang has been the center of the centuries-old chess match between Sunnis and Shias for more than two decades. Tribes Heer Ranjha's Grave in Jhang The main tribes and castes of the district include:The main caste Sial is explained in the book "History of Jhang". kalyar Odd Rajput Lakhnana Sial Jalal khanana sial Ramana Sial Jatyana Sial Ladhyana Sial salyana sial kaloana sial Bharwana Sial Alikhanana sial Janjyana sial Bhujwana sial Rujbana sial VIGHLANA SIAL Bhabrana sial Baali sial Sargana sial Sadhana sial Mighiana sial Ghumnana sial Dawana Sial Hissam Samore Thaheem Mohal Bhatti Bhangu Purnaya Chadhar Haral Nissowana Ghenjera Lak Fatyana Sipra Sheikh Syed Sahmal Qureshi Gujjar Rajput Jatts Dab Jabboana Aheer Arain Awan Baloch Chela Bhatti Kohja Jat Chadhar Dhudhi Gilotar Gujjar Haral Randhawa Jhandir Tajra Kathia Khokhar Lali Qazi Khokhar Nekokara Mahra Marral Naswana Pathan Nauls Qureshi Sangra Harya Harya Sipra Nalere vance Chela[9] Bughlaira Khokhar Dogar [[Qutab Shahi [[Naroo][mahir] Famous personalities Dr. Abdus Salam (Nobel Prize) Aleem Dar (Cricket Umpire) Allama Tahir-ul-Qadire Abida Hussain Faisal Saleh Hayyat Sheikh Waqas Farhat Abbas Shah The Famous Poet, Social worker and Microfinance Practitioner( CEO of Farz Foundation ) Tomb Jhang District is home to the tomb of the heroine of a famous love story, Heer Ranjha. Heer's tomb lies just north of Jhang on the way to Faisalabad. An annual fair is held at her tomb.. DARBAR HAZRAT PEER FATEH ASHAB IN MOUAZA VIGHLANA 8 KM AWAY FROM JHANG SADDAR ON BHAKHAR ROAD. Education The literacy rate of the Jhang District is about 60 percent. Some of the district's educational institutions are listed below: Chenab College, Jhang Lahore College for Women University References ^ population of Jhang ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhang the – Government of Pakistan". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ Urban Resource Centre[dead link] ^ "District Profile: Central Punjab- Jhang". Retrieved 2010-10-24. [dead link] ^ "About Jhang". Mera Jhang. Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ Administrative Units of Pakistan (Tehsils/Talukas) Statistics Division, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics, Government of Pakistan ^ 1998 District Census Report of Jhang, Population Census Organisation, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2000 P.1 ^ 1998 District Census Report of Jhang, Population Census Organisation, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2000, P.3 ^ A Gazetteer of Jhang District 1929 See also Faisalabad Bahawalpur Punjab Pakistan Chenab Nagar Chak No 177 Coordinates: 30°35′N 71°39′E / 30.583°N 71.65°E / 30.583; 71.65 v · d · eTowns and cities of Jhang District Khokhara wala noul · Samondr noul · Dhoriwala · Jabboana · Ratta Matta · Ahmedpur Sial · Pir Abdul Rahman · Baloana · Chund Bharwana · Sheikhan Shehar · Shah Jiwana · Wasu Astana · Qaim Bharwana · Shorkot · Sadiq Nihang · Lalian · Barana · Hassu Balel · Muhammad Wala · Kot Bahadur · Batianwala · Rodu Sultan · Kalri · Rajoa Sadat · Ahmeda Nagar · Jhang · Kot Isa Shah · Dargahi Shah · Haveli Bahadur Shah · Kariwalla · chak syedan wala noul · basti hussainabad noul · Moza kchia noul · taly wala noul+ Ballo shahabal v · d · eDistricts of Punjab, Pakistan Provincial capital Lahore Districts Attock · Bahawalnagar · Bahawalpur · Bhakkar · Chakwal · Chiniot · Dera Ghazi Khan · Faisalabad · Gujranwala · Gujrat · Hafizabad · Jhang · Jhelum · Kasur · Khanewal · Khushab · Lahore · Layyah · Lodhran · Mandi Bahauddin · Mianwali · Multan · Muzaffargarh · Nankana Sahib · Narowal · Okara · Pakpattan · Rahim Yar Khan · Rajanpur · Rawalpindi · Sahiwal · Sargodha · Sheikhupura · Sialkot · Toba Tek Singh · Vehari