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Heimsuchung, Rubens school, Unionskirche, Idstein Meine Seel erhebt den Herren (My soul magnifies the Lord), BWV 10, is a cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach composed the chorale cantata in Leipzig for the feast of the Visitation and first performed it on 2 July 1724. Contents 1 History and words 2 Scoring and structure 3 Music 4 Recordings 5 References 6 External links History and words Bach composed the cantata for the Marian feast "Mariae Heimsuchung" (Visitation) in Leipzig as the fifth cantata of his second annual cycle of chorale cantatas and first performed it on 2 July 1724.[1][2] The prescribed readings for the feast day were Isaiah 11:1–5, the prophecy of the Messiah, and Luke 1:39–56, Mary's visit to Elizabeth, including her song of praise, the Magnificat. At Bach's time, the German Magnificat was regularly sung in Leipzig in Vesper services in a four-part setting of the 9th psalm tone (Tonus Peregrinus) by Johann Hermann Schein.[1] Different from the other chorale cantatas of the cycle, the base for text and music is not a Lutheran chorale, but the German Magnificat.[3] The text is based on the Magnificat and the doxology, which is traditionally added to psalms and canticles in vespers. The music is based on the 9th psalm tone. The unknown poet kept some verses unchanged, 46–48 for movement 1, 54 for movement 5, and the doxology for movement 7. He paraphrased vers 49 in movement 2, 50–51 for movement 3,52–53 for movement 4, and 55 for movement 6, expanded by a reference to the birth of th Saviour.[1] Bach had composed the Latin Magnificat the year before and first performed it, with Christmas interpolations, in the Christmas Vespers of 1723. He performed the cantata at least once more in the 1740s.[2] Scoring and structure The cantata is scored for four soloists, soprano, alto, tenor and bass, a four-part choir, trumpet, two oboes, two violins, viola, and basso continuo. The trumpet is only used to highlight the cantus firmus and may have been a tromba da tirarsi, a slide trumpet.[1] Coro: Meine Seel erhebt den Herren Aria (soprano): Herr, der du stark und mächtig bist Recitativo (tenor): Des Höchsten Güt und Treu Aria (bass): Gewaltige stößt Gott vom Stuhl Duetto (alto, tenor) e chorale: Er denket der Barmherzigkeit Recitativo (tenor): Was Gott den Vätern alter Zeiten Chorale: Lob und Preis sei Gott dem Vater Music Bach begins the opening chorus with an instrumental introduction which is unrelated to the psalm tone, a trio of the violins and the continuo, the violins doubled by the oboes, the viola filling the harmony. The main motifs of the chorale fantasia, marked vivace, stands for joy and is set in upward "rhythmical propulsion".[2][3] The chorus enters after 12 measures with the cantus firmus in the soprano, doubled by a trumpet, whereas the lower voices add free polyphony on motifs from the introduction.[1] Bach treats the second verse similarly, but with the cantus firmus in the alto, because the text "Denn er hat seine elende Magd angesehen" speaks of the "lowly handmaid".[3] The movement is concluded by a vocal setting without cantus firmus embedded in the music of the introduction, framing the movement.[1] The soprano aria (Lord, you who are strong and mighty) is a concerto of the voice and the oboes, accompanied by the strings.[2] The recitative (The goodness and love of the Highest) ends on an arioso, leading to the following aria (The mighty God casts from their thrones) for bass and continuo. In movement 5 (He remembers his mercy) the text returns to the original German Magnificat, and the music to the psalm tone, played by oboes and trumpets as the cantus firmus, while alto and tenor sing in imitation. Bach later transcribed this movement for organ as one of the Schübler Chorales, BWV 648. The recitative (What God, in times past, to our forefathers), referring to God's promise, begins secco. Starting with the added words "Sein Same mußte sich so sehr wie Sand am Meer und Stern am Firmament ausbreiten, der Heiland ward geboren" (His seed must be scattered as plentifully as sand on the shore and as stars in the firmament, the Savior was born), the strings stress the importance of the promise kept. In the final movement, the two verses of the doxology is set on the psalm tone for four parts, with all instruments playing colla parte.[1] Recordings Les Grandes Cantates de J.S. Bach Vol. 1, Maria Friesenhausen, Georg Jelden, Barry McDaniel, Heinrich-Schütz-Chor Heilbronn, Pforzheim Chamber Orchestra, conductor Fritz Werner, Erato 1965 J.S. Bach: Complete Cantatas Vol. 11, Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir, Sibylla Rubens, Annette Markert, Christoph Prégardien, Klaus Mertens, conductor Ton Koopman, Antoine Marchand J.S. Bach: Cantatas for the Complete Liturgical Year Vol. 7, Siri Thornhill, Petra Noskaiova, Marcus Ullmann, Jan van der Crabben, La Petite Bande, conductor Sigiswald Kuijken, Accent 2007 References ^ a b c d e f g Dürr, Alfred (1971) (in German). Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach. 1. Bärenreiter-Verlag. OCLC 523584.  ^ a b c d John Eliot Gardiner (2010). "Cantatas for the Second Sunday after Trinity / Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris". solideogloria.co.uk. http://www.solideogloria.co.uk/resources/sdg165_gb.pdf. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  ^ a b c Julius Mincham (2010). "Chapter 6 BWV 10 Meine Seel erhebt den Herren". jsbachcantatas.com. http://www.jsbachcantatas.com/documents/chapter-6-bwv-10.htm. Retrieved 27 June 2011.  External links Cantatas, BWV 1-10: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Cantata BWV 10 Meine Seel erhebt den Herren on the bach cantatas website German text and English translation, Emmanuel Music Meine Seel erhebt den Herren on the Bach website (German) BWV 10 Meine Seel erhebt den Herren University of Vermont v · d · eCantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20 · 21 · 22 · 23 · 24 · 25 · 26 · 27 · 28 · 29 · 30 · 30a · 31 · 32 · 33 · 34 · 34a · 35 · 36 · 36a · 36b · 36c · 37 · 38 · 39 · 40 · 41 · 42 · 43 · 44 · 45 · 46 · 47 · 48 · 49 · 50 · 51 · 52 · 53 · 54 · 55 · 56 · 57 · 58 · 59 · 60 · 61 · 62 · 63 · 64 · 65 · 66 · 66a · 67 · 68 · 69 · 69a · 70 · 70a · 71 · 72 · 73 · 74 · 75 · 76 · 77 · 78 · 79 · 80 · 80a · 80b · 81 · 82 · 83 · 84 · 85 · 86 · 87 · 88 · 89 · 90 · 91 · 92 · 93 · 94 · 95 · 96 · 97 · 98 · 99 · 100 · 101 · 102 · 103 · 104 · 105 · 106 · 107 · 108 · 109 · 110 · 111 · 112 · 113 · 114 · 115 · 116 · 117 · 118 · 118b · 119 · 120 · 120a · 120b · 121 · 122 · 123 · 124 · 125 · 126 · 127 · 128 · 129 · 130 · 131 · 131a · 132 · 133 · 134 · 134a · 135 · 136 · 137 · 138 · 139 · 140 · 141 · 142 · 143 · 144 · 145 · 146 · 147 · 147a · 148 · 149 · 150 · 151 · 152 · 153 · 154 · 155 · 156 · 157 · 158 · 159 · 160 · 161 · 162 · 163 · 164 · 165 · 166 · 167 · 168 · 169 · 170 · 171 · 172 · 173 · 173a · 174 · 175 · 176 · 177 · 178 · 179 · 180 · 181 · 182 · 183 · 184 · 185 · 186 · 186a · 187 · 188 · 189 · 190 · 190a · 191 · 192 · 193 · 193a · 194 · 195 · 196 · 197 · 197a · 198 · 199 · 200 · 201 · 202 · 203 · 204 · 205 · 205a · 206 · 207 · 207a · 208 · 208a · 209 · 210 · 210a · 211 · 212 · 213 · 214 · 215 · 216 · 216a · 217 · 218 · 219 · 220 · 221 · 222 · 223 · 224 · 244a · 248a · 249a · 1083 · 1127 · Anh3 · Anh5 · Anh9 · Anh18 List of cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach · List of Bach cantatas by liturgical function