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(February 2009) Margaret Hayes Grazier Born Margaret Hayes 1916 Denver, Colorado Died 1999 Detroit, Michigan Cause of death Cancer Nationality United States Education University of Northern Colorado, University of Denver, University of Chicago Occupation Professor Employer University of Chicago, Wayne State University Known for Her work in School Libraries Spouse Robert Grazier Children Stepson, Michael Grazier Parents Warren Chauncey Hayes, Rosetta Ernestine (Bankwitz) Hayes Margaret Hayes Grazier (1916 – 1999) was an American librarian, educator, and published author in the field of Library and Information Science.[1] Contents 1 Biography 2 Early career 3 Mid to Late Career 4 Extra curricular activities 5 Awards 6 Grazier's Publications 7 References Biography Margaret Hayes Grazier was born an only child to parents Warren Chauncey Hayes and Rosetta Ernestine (Bankwitz) Hayes on December 19, 1916 in Denver, Colorado.[1] Grazier’s main area of expertise was in school librarianship and she worked in this arena in Colorado, Illinois and Michigan. She met librarian Robert Grazier (her eventual husband) during her years at the University of Chicago. They married on July 27, 1956, after they both had relocated to Michigan. Grazier had one stepson, Michael, from her husband's previous relationship. The two were married for 42 years, until Grazier died of cancer in Detroit, Michigan on July 9, 1999. She was 82 years old. Early career Grazier’s career began in her home state of Colorado where she obtained her B.A. degree from the University of Northern Colorado in 1937. She continued on with her education the following year earning a Diploma in Library Science from the University of Denver (1938) followed by completing her M.A. degree in Education from the University of Northern Colorado in 1941. While she was working on her master’s degree, and for a year after she finished (from 1939–1942), Grazier also worked as the librarian and supervisor of school libraries in Greenley, Colorado . [2] After leaving Greenley in 1942, Grazier moved to Illinois where she became the high school librarian for Lake Forest High School where she remained until 1945. She then took a position at the W.K. Kellogg Foundation in Battle Creek, Michigan as a temporary library consultant, until she eventually ended back up at the University of Denver in 1946. There she worked as an administrator and reference librarian in the Public Services Division at the university until 1948 when she became an assistant professor there. In 1952 she moved again, this time to further her education at the University of Chicago. There she began her Ph.D. work at their Graduate Library School. Grazier never completed her doctoral studies at the university but she did work her way up from a visiting lecturer to an assistant professor at the University of Chicago. Mid to Late Career Grazier left the University of Chicago in 1956, and relocated to Birmingham, Michigan where she took on the role of head librarian at Derby High School. There she stayed until 1961 when she moved to the position of head librarian at Groves High School. She relocated to Groves at the request of the principal according to an interview given by Grazier’s husband in 2000. In the interview her husband reveals that the principle actively pursued her for this position because he admired her previous work, and dedication to library curriculum.[3] Public high school librarianship was not the only thing that Grazier was doing with her career during this time period though; She was also a visiting instructor for the University of Michigan’s Library Science program during the summers. In 1965, Grazier made a more permanent career choice, becoming a member of the Wayne State University faculty as an associate professor and eventually was promoted to a full time professor in 1972. In this role she was able to apply her knowledge of school libraries, specifically in the area of school librarian leadership in the library curriculum and its vital role in the learning process. In both her teaching and in the articles that she published, there is a strong recurring theme, and that is the importance that she places on the role of the school librarian. She believed that school librarians should really understand and execute both the ‘theory of the curriculum and also the instructional technology’. [4] Grazier worked as a professor at Wayne State University until she retired in 1983. After Grazier’s death in 1999, her husband created a scholarship in her name, The Margaret Hayes Grazier Endowed Scholarship Fund, at the school in which she spent the largest portion of her career, Wayne State University. The scholarship is presented yearly to students in the Library and Information Science Program who meet academic, character and leadership qualifications, in addition to financial need. They must also be pursuing a career in Grazier’s specialty of school library media or youth services.[1] [5] Extra curricular activities In addition to being a professor in the Library Science Program and Wayne State University she was also very active in many library organizations. American Library Association (ALA). During two separate phases in her life from 1960-64 and then again from 1972-74, she was a councilor to the ALA in addition to serving as a member of the ALA’s Committee on Research from 1970-76. She was an active member of the American Association of School Librarians; Considering her deep passion and roots in school libraries this is not surprising. She reigned as the second vice-president from 1970-71 and served as the unit head of the AASL’s Media Program Development Unit for three years from 1973-76. Although Grazier devoted much of her time to the ALA and the AASL in addition to many other library and media centric organizations, the group that she was most active in during her career was Michigan Association for Media in Education (MAME). Grazier served as the president of MAME in 1981. This was an exceptionally difficult year to hold this position because of the diminishing state funding for education. School library positions were being eliminated and there were severe University of Michigan budget cuts. [6] The troubling financial times that surrounded her presidency forced her to focus mainly on coming up with funding solutions for jobs and services at the state level that she believed to be a vital part of the learning process. After her term as president, Grazier became the editor of MAME’s journal, Media Spectrum, and remained the editor of the journal until 1988. Awards Grazier was a recipient of the AASL President’s Award in 1986. According to the AASL this award is presented to a candidate who exemplifies "outstanding contributions to school librarianship and school library media development". [7] For her continued work with the MAME organization she too was recognized with MAME’s Outstanding Meritorious Service Award in 1987. After Grazier’s death, another MAME award, for contributions to the profession, was renamed in her honor as “The Margaret Grazier Award for Contributions to the Profession”.[6] Her most recent honor was bestowed upon her by the Women’s National Book Association’s Detroit Chapter, in 1998. This group named her their Bookwoman of the Year. After Grazier’s death in 1999, she was chosen as number 41 in the American Libraries’ list of “100 of the Most Important Leaders We Had in the 20th Century”.[8] She is included in the list with the likes of Melvile Dewey and Andrew Carnagie amongst others. Grazier's Publications “A Role for Media Specialists in the Curriculum Development Process.” School Library Media Quarterly 4 [Spring 1976]: pp. 199–204 “Critically Reading and Applying Research in School Library Media Centers.” School Library Media Quarterly 10 [Winter 1982]: pp. 135–46. “The Curriculum Constultant Roles of the School Library Media Specialist.” Library Trends 28 [Fall 1979]: pp. 263–279 “The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title II.” Library Trends 24 [July 1975]: pp. 45–62) The High School Library in Transition. Chicago: Knapp School Libraries Project, 1967 “Preparation of the School Librarian” Education for Librarianship: The Design of the Curriculum of Library Schools, Herbert Goldhor, ed., pp 130–145. Ubrbana, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1971 References ^ a b Donald S. Lopez Jr (2003). Dictionary of American Library Biography: Second Supplement. Littleton, Colo: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 114. ISBN 1-56308-868-1.  ^ Davis, Donald D. Jr. Dictionary of American Library Biography: Second Supplement. Libraries Unlimited, 2003: pp. 114 ^ Robert Theodore Grazier, telephone interview by Donald Davis Jr, tape recording, Bellingham, Washington, October 12, 2000 (an excerpt taken from Davis, Donald D. Jr. Dictionary of American Library Biography: Second Supplement. Libraries Unlimited, 2003: pp. 115 ^ Davis, Donald D. Jr. Dictionary of American Library Biography: Second Supplement. Libraries Unlimited, 2003: pp. 115) ^ http://www.bulletins.wayne.edu/gbk-output/gbk-08-10-wb-08-3.html, Retrieved on December 16, 2008. ^ a b Miller, Marilyn Lea. Pioneers and Leaders in Library Services to Youth: A Biographical Dictionary. Libraries Unlimited, 2003: pp.84 ^ Davis, Donald D. Jr. Dictionary of American Library Biography: Second Supplement. Libraries Unlimited, 2003: pp. 116 ^ Kniffel, Leonard. Sullivan, Peggy. McCormick, Edith. 100 of the most important leaders we had in the 20th century.American Libraries.Dec. 1999: pp.38 Persondata Name Grazier, Margaret Hayes Alternative names Short description Date of birth Place of birth Denver, Colorado Date of death Place of death Detroit, Michigan