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This article is an orphan, as few or no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; suggestions may be available. (February 2009) Anuppan is a community of Kannada-speaking Hindu farmers who reside in the southern districts of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Contents 1 Etymology and Origin 2 Subdivisions 3 Traditions and rituals 4 References Etymology and Origin The 1891 Madras Census report describes Anuppans as "a small caste of Canarese farmers chiefly found in the districts of Madura, Tinnevely and Coimbatore. Their original home appears to Mysore or South Canara, probably the former." Local traditions at the Kambam region of Madura where Anuppans predominate indicate that they were prevalent in extensive numbers in the region during ancient times. However, there was a feud with the Kappiliyans and in this quarrel, Ramachcha Kavundan, the chief of the Kappiliyans was killed. On his deatrh bed, Ramachcha Kavundan supposedly cursed the Anuppans that they would never prosper in life. Subdivisions The Anuppans were divided into Saivites and Vaishnavites. The most important sub-division of the Anuppans was Allikulam or the "lilly clan". Vaishnavite Anuppans employed Brahmins as priests. All Anuppans practised widow-remarriage. Anuppans are also subdivided into six territorial groups or Medus depending on their village of origin. There are three Medus in Madura district and three in Tinnevelly district. The three Medus in Madura are further subdivided into eighteen kilais or "branches" the members of whom do not intermarry with people ofr the same kilai. Each of the Medus are headed by a headman called Periyadanakkaran. The three Medus based in Madura also have a spiritual head or "Guru" who resides at Sirupalai near Madurai. Traditions and rituals The customs and practices of the Anuppans are similar to those of the Kappiliyans and Tottiyans. References Thurston, Edgar; K. Rangachari (1909). Castes and Tribes of Southern India Volume I.