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Eugeniusz Łazowski, Poland Dr. Eugene Lazowski born Eugeniusz Sławomir Łazowski (1913, Częstochowa, Poland – December 16, 2006, Eugene, Oregon) was a medical doctor and professor of Pediatrics at the State University of Illinois. During World War II Łazowski served first as Second Lieutenant of the Polish Army on a Red Cross train – throughout Polish September Campaign – and subsequently, as military doctor of the underground Home Army. Thanks to medical discovery of his friend, Dr Stanisław Matulewicz, Łazowski created a fake epidemic of dangerous infectious disease, Epidemic Typhus in the town of Rozwadów (now a district of Stalowa Wola) and the surrounding villages and towns. He saved an estimated 8,000 Polish Jews from certain death in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust, performing his services in utmost secrecy under the threat of death punishment. See also: Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust In 1958 Lazowski emigrated to the United States on a scholarship from Rockefeller Foundation. He's the author of a memoir entitled Prywatna wojna (My Private War) and over a hundred scientific dissertations.[1] The Polish Schindler Before the onset of World War II Eugeniusz Łazowski obtained a medical degree at the Józef Piłsudski University in Warsaw. During the German occupation Łazowski resided in Rozwadów with his wife and young daughter. Łazowski spent time in a prisoner-of-war camp prior to his arrival in the town, where he reunited with his family and began practising medicine with his medical-school friend Dr Stanisław Matulewicz. Matulewicz discovered that by injecting a healthy person with a "vaccine" of killed bacteria, that person would test positive for Epidemic Typhus without experiencing the symptoms. The two doctors hatched a secret plan to save about a dozen villages in the vicinity of Rozwadów and Zbydniów not only from forced labor exploitation, but also Nazi extermination. Łazowski, the Polish 'Schindler', created a fake typhus epidemic in the town of Rozwadow and its vicinity and spared 8,000 Jews from Nazi persecution. He used medical science to deceive the Germans and save both Jews and Poles from deportation to the Nazi concentration camps.[2][1] Germans were terrified of the disease because the disease was highly contagious. Those infected with typhus were not sent to concentration camps. Instead, when a sufficient number of people were infected, the Germans would quarantine the entire area. However, the Germans would not enter the FLECKFIEBER zone, fearing the disease would spread to them also. In this way, while Dr. Lazowski and Dr. Matulewicz did not hide Jewish families in their homes, they were able to spare 8,000 people from 12 ghettos from summary executions and inevitable deportations to concentration camps. Jews who tested positive for typhus were summarily massacred by the Nazis, that's why the doctors used to inject the non-Jewish population in neighborhoods surrounding the ghettos knowing that a possibility of widespread outbreak inside would cause Germans to abandon the area and thus spare local Jews in the process. A documentary about Dr. Eugene Lazowski entitled "A Private War" was made by a television producer Ryan Bank who followed Lazowski back to Poland and recorded testimonies of people whose families were saved by the fake epidemic.[3] Lazowski retired from practice in the late 1980s. He died in 2006 in Eugene, Oregon, where he had been living with his daughter.[2] References ^ a b (Polish) Andrzej Pityñski, Museum of Stalowa Wola, Short biography of Eugeniusz Łazowski ^ a b Art Golab, Chicago's 'Schindler' who saved 8,000 Jews from the Holocaust Chicago Sun-Times, Dec 20, 2006.